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Welfare

"welfare", site:conservapedia.com "welfare", welfare

see AR-15 and Build Your Own AR-15, see AK-47 and Build Your Own AK-47

“Everyone wants to live at the expense of the state. They forget that the state wants to live at the expense of everyone.” -Frederic Bastiat


“A democracy is always temporary in nature; it simply cannot exist as a permanent form of government. A democracy will continue to exist up until the time that voters discover that they can vote themselves generous gifts from the public treasury. From that moment on, the majority always votes for the candidates who promise the most benefits from the public treasury, with the result that every democracy will finally collapse due to loose fiscal policy…” – Alexander Fraser Tytler, Scottish lawyer and writer, 1770 - see Welfare and Democracy

http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffreydorfman/2013/12/19/romney-was-wrong-about-the-47-percent-the-problem-is-much-worse/

Welfare is a set of government programs paid for by the taxpayers that provide social or financial support programs specific sectors of the population deemed to be vulnerable, either financially, socially or physically. However, welfare programs can also be extended to much wider segments of the population, such as universal healthcare systems, vaccination programs, public roads, schools, and libraries. Some elements are opposed by libertarians and conservatives. As an economic term, welfare refers to general well-being, economic prosperity, or living standards. Welfare is derived from utility.

Welfare in the United States

Welfare expenditures in the United States have been growing for many years. The welfare system was established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and extended by Lyndon B. Johnson as part of the Great Society. Opponents say that the top 50% of Americans pay over 96% of the taxes. Supporters may cite the supposed effectiveness of Roosevelt's policies to help end the Great Depression. Welfare also comes in the forms of food stamps, free school lunches, and Medicaid.

Welfare is a set of government programs paid for by the taxpayers that provide social or financial support programs specific sectors of the population deemed to be vulnerable, either financially, socially or physically. However, welfare programs can also be extended to much wider segments of the population, such as universal healthcare systems, vaccination programs, public roads, schools, and libraries. Some elements are opposed by libertarians and conservatives.

As an economic term, welfare refers to general well-being, economic prosperity, or living standards. Welfare is derived from utility.

Welfare in the United States

Welfare expenditures in the United States have been growing for many years. The welfare system was established by President Franklin Roosevelt, and extended by Lyndon B. Johnson as part of the Great Society. Opponents say that the top 50% of Americans pay over 96% of the taxes. <ref>://www.taxfoundation.org/publications/show/250.html</ref> Supporters may cite the supposed effectiveness of Roosevelt's policies to help end the Great Depression.<ref>http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/depression/overview.htm</ref> Welfare also comes in the forms of food stamps, free school lunches, and Medicaid.

Corporate Welfare

This is a pejorative term used to describe business loans, subsidies, bailouts, and tax breaks, or a government providing a closed bid contract to a favored company. The term is especially for these actions when directed toward large corporations, and especially in favored sectors such as finance, energy, defense and motor industries.

Welfare Reform in the US

In the United States, Conservative legislators passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, which ended the AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) and radically changed the US welfare system. Tighter restrictions were placed on the eligibility and manner of receiving public aid in order to discourage families (mainly single, divorced, or widowed mothers with children)<ref>://futureofchildren.org</ref> from remaining idle (outside of the work force). For instance, recipients are required to find employment within two years of receiving aid, and a single family could receive aid for a total of five years. If a mother gives birth to a child while on public assistance, states are allowed to establish “family caps” in order to deny further benefits the family may have been eligible for before the reform<ref>Washington Post ://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/welfare/welfare.htm#new</ref>. Legal immigrants have also been made ineligible for any Social Security Income (SSI)<ref>Cornell University Law School</ref><ref>://topics.law.cornell.edu/wex/welfare</ref>.

People who take advantage of the welfare system by collecting benefits for an extended period of time without trying to improve their situation (i.e. by getting a job) are known colloquially as welfare queens. The legislative changes mentioned above help this problem, but there is still much room for improvement.

Welfare and Welfare Reform in Egypt

The Egyptian welfare system is significantly different. Rather than specific programs aimed at helping vulnerable individuals or families, the government prefers to maintain price controls and subsidies, as poverty is regarded as the most serious social issue, and is widespread. Staple goods such as bread, cooking oil and fuel are all blanket subsidised, that is supplied at the subsidised price to the entire population, with no form of means testing employed. Although this is more expensive than a more targeted means-tested approach, it is administratively simpler, a major factor in a country where the civil service often has limited resources, and limited computerization.

The government also implements non-financial programs, including family planning (which has succeeded in halving population growth, but still faces many challenges), subsidized basic medical care at the village level, vaccination programs, and agricultural assistance programs. The government also provides more sophisticated medical services through a network of public hospitals, though care is not free at point of access and facilities are generally less sophisticated than in private hospitals, though geographic coverage is much more extensive.

Attempts to reform the system, by reducing subsidies overall has been proposed many times by the government, and limited cuts have taken place, but there exists huge public resistance to deeper reform, especially amongst the poor, who comprise a huge percentage of the population. At present, there are no plans to drastically alter the provision of medical services, and most reform efforts are aimed at reform of the blanket subsidies on basic goods, and agricultural programs.

Finding welfare

Welfare in the U.S. is administered at the county level. Search terms include welfare, social services, public assistance, and food stamps plus the name of the county. Like before the internet, phone books and yellow pages can be searched as well.

See also

Notes

Fair Use References are embedded in the above article as footnotes.

Specific References
General References

Based on research from diverse Fair Use Disclaimer Sources:

Snippet from Wikipedia: Welfare

Welfare is a type of government support for the citizens of that society. Welfare may be provided to people of any income level, as with social security (and is then often called a social safety net), but it is usually intended to ensure that people can meet their basic human needs such as food and shelter. Welfare attempts to provide a minimal level of well-being, usually either a free- or a subsidized-supply of certain goods and social services, such as healthcare, education, and vocational training.

A welfare state is a political system wherein the State assumes responsibility for the health, education, and welfare of society. The system of social security in a welfare state provides social services, such as universal medical care, unemployment insurance for workers, financial aid, free post-secondary education for students, subsidized public housing, and pensions (sickness, incapacity, old-age), etc. In 1952, with the Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention (nr. 102), the International Labour Organization (ILO) formally defined the social contingencies covered by social security.

The first welfare state was Imperial Germany (1871–1918), where the Bismarck government introduced social security in 1889. In the early 20th century, the United Kingdom introduced social security around 1913, and adopted the welfare state with the National Insurance Act 1946, during the Attlee government (1945–51). In the countries of western Europe, Scandinavia, and Australasia, social welfare is mainly provided by the government out of the national tax revenues, and to a lesser extent by non-government organizations (NGOs), and charities (social and religious).

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welfare.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/12 18:39 (external edit)