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Nationalism refers to different, sometimes competing, ideologies/movements supporting different nations. Views on nations and nationalism vary, politically correct views seeing the movements/ideologies as recent social constructs, less politically correct views as having partially genetic and racial origins.

Ethnic/racial nationalism

A nation is the sense of ethnic/racial nationalism is an ethnic/racial community with shared (genetic) ancestry, shared identity, and shared (genetic) interests.

Ethnicity, nation, and race are related terms with ethnicity emphasizing cultural aspects, nation emphasizing political aspects, and race emphasizing genetic aspects.

The word nation ultimately derives from the Proto-Indo-European root “gene” “to produce, give birth, beget,” with derivatives referring to family and tribal groups.<ref>Nation</ref><ref>Genus</ref> Another derivative is the Lain word “gens” with similarities to nation and race. “In classical and Medieval literature, the major term in ethnographic descriptions was gens—a Latin word that is usually translated as “people” or “nation.” Significantly, gens connotes a common ancestry or stock (hence its etymological link with genero, to beget or produce), reflecting an ancient way of understanding a nation not as a social or political unit, but as a group of people linked by origin. Gens was therefore close in meaning to “race,” understood in the traditional sense of “lineage” or “extraction.””<ref>Hudson, Nicholas. (1996). “From ‘Nation’ to ‘Race’: The Origin of Racial Classification in Eighteenth-Century Thought,” Eighteenth-Century Studies. 29. Spring. 248.</ref>

Ethnic/racial nationalism has been argued to have partially genetic causes. See the article on Racial genetic interests.

There are also partially non-genetic aspects of nationalism, such as preferences for different customs, languages, clothing, food, and so on. However, such different preferences may to some degree be influenced by genetic differences. Furthermore, increasing the differentiation of a group from other groups by cultural markers, even if these markers are to some degree arbitrary, may have served the genetic interest of the group, for reasons such as increasing group cohesion/cooperation and by making it easier to quickly spot non-group intruders.


Ethnic/racial nationalism is often associated with a particular territory and support for greater autonomy/independence for this territory, if it is not already independent. Also this may have partially genetic causes. See Racial genetic interests: Ethnicity and territory.

Race mixing, ethnic heterogeneity, and mass immigration

Ethnic/racial nationalism often argues against race mixing, ethnic heterogeneity, and mass immigration, arguing that these are against the genetic interests of the race/ethnicity, as well as causing other negative effects. See the articles on effects of race mixing, ethnic heterogeneity, and migration.

Nation states

A state is in one sense a political entity with a high degree of sovereignty over a particular territory. A state can be an independent country, but need not be, such as in a federation of states.

A “nation state” occurs when (almost) all members of a state are members of one nation. Ethnic/racial nationalist movements typically support nation states for their nations and often preferably nation states that are independent countries. They may also argue more generally that all nations have the right to nation states.

The members of a particular nation may be divided among several nation states and/or not live in nation states. A nation state may or may not include all or parts of the traditionally ancestral territory of a nation.

The word “state” is sometimes used in a different sense, as a synonym for “government”, but that is not the sense intended in nation state.

Nation and nationalism as claimed recent social constructs

Critics of ethnic/racial nations and nationalism often claim that they are recent social construct, that were created and maintained in order to increase internal support among the population for a country and its regime. Nation states and nationalism are often seen as 19th-century European creations, associated with developments such as obligatory state-mandated education, mass literacy, and mass media, supposedly creating in the general population socially constructed senses of national identity and nationalism. This is associated with seeing races as recent social constructs and race denialism.

Civic nationalism

Civic nationalism” is different from ethnic/racial nationalism. “Nation” is interpreted as being similar in meaning to country. Nationalism is therefore interpreted as being support for a particular country, without this having deeper ethnic/racial foundations.

Such forms of argued nationalism can then include support for multiracial/multicultural countries, which consist of many different groups with few shared interests and identities, except possibly a superficial, artificially created civic “nationalist” identity.

See also the article on Civic nationalism.

"Nationalist" and "nationalistic"

The word “nationalistic” is according to one dictionary “always used to indicate disapproval of someone's views.”<ref>Nationalistic</ref>

See also

Fair Use References are embedded in the above article as footnotes.

Nationalism Political spectrum Ideology

Nacionalismus Nationalisme Nationalismus Nacionalismo Natsionalism Nacionalizam Nacionalizmus Þjóðernishyggja Nationalisme Nacionalismo Naţionalism Nacionalizmus Nationalism

Nationalism is a feeling of unity among a group of people born out of the French Revolution and Age of Enlightenment idea of worship of the Patrie, or one's national origins and a sense of pride in their country.

Nationalists today support national sovereignty and self-governance over globalism, preserving their respective national cultures and demographics over multiculturalism, and a border wall. Economic nationalism is a variant of nationalism that prioritizes a nation-state's economic independence. Nationalism has a strong association with limited government, individual liberty, and national cohesion,<ref name=“Hazony2018”>Hazony, Yoram (August 24, 2018). The Liberty of Nations. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 25, 2018.</ref><ref>Multiple references:

Lack of nationalism, or a desire for new nations, was a cause for the split of countries such as Yugoslavia and Austria-Hungary. It can be considered positive, as a form of patriotism,<ref name=“Hazony2018”/><ref>Pinkerton, James P. (September 16, 2018). Pinkerton: ‘The Nationalist Revival’ — a Progressive Defends the Deplorables. Breitbart News. Retrieved September 17, 2018.<br>See also:

Jean Jacques Rousseau and Johann Gottfried Herder were two of the main nationalist theorists (although the former was closer to jingoist).

Neoconservatives, who hold Marxist views on “shaping the world,” strongly oppose nationalism.<ref>Maitra, Sumantra (November 11, 2019). Freakout Over Nationalism Book Illustrates The End Of Traditional Left-Right Politics. The Federalist. Retrieved December 2, 2019.</ref>

See also

Further reading

  • Hazony, Yoram (2018). The Virtue of Nationalism. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 9781541645370.
  • Lowry, Rich (2019). The Case for Nationalism: How It Made Us Powerful, United, and Free. New York: Broadside Books. ISBN 9780062839640.


NavBar Nationalism

Nationalists: Founding FathersAbraham LincolnRobert TaftLarry McDonaldDonald TrumpJair BolsonaroMatteo SalviniNigel FarageViktor OrbánChristoph BlocherSantiago AbascalSteve BannonPatrick BuchananJared Taylor

Nationalism Topics: NationalismBorder wallEconomic nationalismSelf-governanceSovereigntyNational conservatismEuroskepticismPatriotismSubsidiarityU.S. ConstitutionBrexit


nationalism.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/12 18:41 (external edit)