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Snippet from Wikipedia: Montana University System

The Montana University System (MUS) was created on July 1, 1994, when the Montana Board of Regents of Higher Education restructured the state's public colleges and universities, with the goal of streamlining the state's higher education in the wake of decreased state funding. It has sixteen campuses divided among the two state university systems, and community colleges.

The Montana University System (MUS) was created on July 1, 1994, when the Montana Board of Regents of Higher Education restructured the state's colleges and universities, with the goal of streamlining the state's higher education in the wake of decreased state funding.<ref>Restructuring the MUS<!-- Bot generated title --></ref> It has fifteen campuses divided into five categories: two state university systems, community colleges, American Indian tribal colleges, and independent colleges.<ref>Montana University System | Montana Colleges, Universities and Community Colleges<!-- Bot generated title --></ref>


Each university subsystem has campuses around the state, with a university President at the main campus, Chancellors at each of the three smaller units, and Deans/CEOs at the two-year comprehensive colleges. The main campus gives administrative and library assistance to the smaller units, but each unit sets its own curriculum with Board of Regents approval.

The University of Montana System

Montana State University System


Community Colleges

Tribal Colleges

Independent Colleges


Fair Use References are embedded in the above article as footnotes.

Snippet from Wikipedia: University of Montana

The University of Montana (UM) is a public research university in Missoula, Montana. UM is a flagship institution of the Montana University System and its second largest campus. UM reported 10,962 undergraduate and graduate students in the fall of 2018.

The University of Montana ranks 17th in the nation and fifth among public universities in producing Rhodes Scholars; it has 11 Truman Scholars, 14 Goldwater Scholars, and 40 Udall Scholars to its name.


|officer_in_charge =
|chairman          =
|chancellor        =
|president         = [[Royce Engstrom]]
|vice-president    =
|superintendent    =
|provost           = Perry Brown
|vice_chancellor   =
|rector            =
|principal         =
|dean              =
|director          =
|head_label        =
|head              =
|faculty           = 581 full-time, 250 part-time
|staff             =
|students          = 14,946 total (Fall 2012)
|undergrad         = 10,189 total (Fall 2012)
|postgrad          = 
|doctoral          =
|other             =
|city              = [[Missoula, Montana|Missoula]]
|state             = [[Montana]]
|province          =
|country           = U.S.
|coor              =
|campus            = [[University town]]
{{convert|220|acre|ha}} |former_names = |free_label = |free = |sports = 14 school-sponsored Teams |colors = Copper, Silver, and Gold
{{colorbox|#660033}} {{colorbox|silver}} {{colorbox|#FFCC00}}
Copper often referred to as Maroon


|nickname          = Grizzlies and Lady Griz
|mascot            = [[Monte (mascot)|Monte]]
|athletics         = [[NCAA Division I]]
[[Big Sky Conference]] |affiliations = |website = [] |logo = [[File:UMont clocktower logo.png|220px]] |footnotes =
}} The University of Montana (often simply referred to as the U; U of M, and UM)<ref>The name of the campus is the University of Montana ‒ Missoula. See “The University of Montana Campuses,” Montana University System.</ref> is a public research university located in Missoula, Montana, in the United States. Founded in 1893, the university is the flagship campus of the four-campus University of Montana System and is its largest institution. The main campus is located at the foot of Mount Sentinel, the mountain bearing Missoula's most recognizable landmark, a large hillside letterM.” It is a major source of research, continuing education, economic development and fine arts, as well as a driving force in strengthening Montana's ties with countries throughout the world.

The university calls itself a “city within a city,” and contains its own restaurants, medical facilities, banking, postal services, police department, and ZIP code. The University of Montana ranks 17th in the nation and fifth among public universities in producing Rhodes Scholars, with a total of 28 such scholars.<ref name=“Rhodes”>

</ref> The University of Montana has 11 Truman Scholars, 14 Goldwater Scholars and 31 Udall Scholars to its name.<ref name=“scholarships”>


The University of Montana's Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library houses the earliest authorized edition of the Lewis and Clark journals. Rolling Stone labelled the university the “most scenic campus in America”<ref name=“AboutUM”>

</ref> and Outside magazine called it “among the top 10 colleges nationally for combining academic quality and outdoor recreation”.<ref name=“AboutUM”/>


An act of Congress of February 18, 1881 dedicated 72 sections (

) in Montana Territory for the creation of the University.

Montana was admitted to the Union on November 8, 1889, and the Montana Legislature soon began to consider where the state's permanent capital and state university would be located. To be sure that the new state university would be located in Missoula, the city's leaders made an agreement with the standing capital of Helena that Missoula would stay out of the bidding for the new capital and would support Helena over its leading competitor, Anaconda. The cities' bids were supported by the rival “Copper Kings,” William A. Clark and Marcus Daly, respectively.

Missoula won the legislative vote for the new university at the Third Montana Legislative Assembly in February 1893. The University was formally opened in 1895. While plans for a university campus were progressing, classes were temporarily held at nearby Willard School. The South Missoula Land Company, owned by A.B. Hammond, Richard Eddy and Marcus Daly, joined with the Higgins family in donating land for the new campus. In June 1898 the cornerstone for A.J. Gibson designed University Hall was laid and Missoula became “the University City.”


The original plan of the University campus was designed by one of its first professors, Frederich Scheuch, who called for the central oval to be surrounded by immediate and future University buildings. Although Scheuch's plan called for all building entrances to face the center of the Oval, forming a radiating building pattern, buildings were later constructed with three-story in the Renaissance Revival style, with hipped roofs and Spanish green roof tiles.

The first set of buildings were set up around the oval in 1895. Since that time, various campus plans and architectural styles have been used. Today the campus consists of

and is bordered to the east by Mount Sentinel and the north by the Clark Fork River. The main campus comprises 64 buildings, including nine residence halls and various athletic venues, including Washington–Grizzly Stadium, a 26,500-seat football stadium and the Dahlberg Arena, a 7,500-seat multi-purpose arena where the university's basketball teams play.

Landmarks include:

The Oval


swath of grass running east to west, marking the traditional center of the university. Today it is divided into quadrants by two intersecting brick-laid paths, though originally the oval was solid grass and forbidden to be crossed by students. A double row of trees was planted around the oval on Arbor Day 1896, but many of the trees have since died and are in the process of being replanted. The original gravel driveway that once surrounded the Oval has also been replaced by sidewalk. The original master plan of the university called for all buildings to face the center of the oval, but this plan proved difficult and an a new plan was created in 1935.

On the western extreme of the Oval is a life-sized grizzly bear statue created by ceramic artist and sculptor Rudy Autio in 1969.<ref name=bear>

</ref> The bronze statue is 7-feet tall and weighs 5000 pounds and took one year to create.<ref>

</ref> Many photographs of the university picture the bear with the Oval, University (Main) Hall, and Mount Sentinel's 'M' in the background.

The 'M' Trail

A 3/4 mile long trail with 13 switchbacks that rises 620 feet (from 3,200 feet to 3,820) from the University of Montana at the base of Mount Sentinel. The trail offers sweeping views of the city below.

There is debate of when “The 'M'” was first placed on Mount Sentinel. Around 1908, members of the Forestry Club forged a zigzag trail up the mountain and students carried up stones to shape the symbol of the University of Montana. Originally made of whitewashed rocks and only measuring 25 feet by 25 feet, the very first “M” was poorly constructed and ultimately replaced by a wooden “M” in 1912, which cost $18. That “M,” unlike today's “M,” stood upright on the face of Mount Sentinel. A larger wooden version of the “M” was built in 1913 and upkeep of the structure was formally charged to each year's freshman class.

When the large wooden “M” was destroyed by a blizzard in 1915, an even larger version was constructed of whitewashed granite. Once again the freshman class was tasked with annual renovation of the symbol, beginning a new tradition. Each year from then on, University of Montana freshmen made the hike up to the “M” to apply a fresh coat of whitewash and remove any weeds and grass that had grown in and around the structure.

The annual tradition ended in 1968 when a 125-by-100-foot concrete “M” was built at a cost of $4,328. Behind the decision to replace rock with concrete were maintenance issues; with the coming of the 1960s, UM students exhibited waning enthusiasm for the annual trek up the hill and for annual upkeep of the “M.” Although the annual whitewashing went by the wayside, one tradition that lives on today is the lighting of the “M” during the University's annual Homecoming celebration each fall. Originally lit by a group of students on October 9, 1919 following the fall whitewashing, the event was so popular that students have continued to light the “M” each year during Homecoming week; special beacons light up the giant letter, welcoming former students back to the University.<ref>The Story of Missoula's "M"</ref>

Memorial Row

On the north side of campus, 29 Evergreen trees stand in two columns forming Memorial Row along what used to be the path of Van Buren Avenue. The trees, running from the corner of the Oval to Eddy Avenue, were planted in 1919 following the end of the Great War to honor UM students, alumni, and faculty who died in the war, some to combat and many more to the influenza epidemic. The trees are Pinus ponderosa (Western Yellow Pines or Ponderosa Pine), the state tree of Montana. Originally, a white T-board stood in front of each tree, with the name of the person whom it honors; in 1925, these were replaced with 35 brass nameplates atop concrete markers. At the same time, the university added a memorial tablet on a boulder near the edge of the Oval closest to Memorial Row. It lists 21 of the 31 honorees from 1919. By 1925, the university had increased the number of names on the official list to 35, and sometime later, it grew to 37.<ref>


Points of interest include:

Organization and administration


The University of Montana is the main campus for the University, which includes four other campuses. The public university system is one of two in Montana; the other is Montana State University. Both systems are governed as the Montana University System by the Montana Board of Regents, which consists of seven members appointed by the state governor, and confirmed by the state Senate to serve seven-year staggered terms. The Governor and Superintendent of Public Instruction, both statewide elected officials, are ex officio members of the Board, as is the Commissioner of Higher Education, who is appointed by the Board of Regents.<ref>


The Board of Regents appoints the university president, who is directly responsible and accountable to the Commissioner of Higher Education.<ref>Accreditation 2010 Self-Study Report ''Standard Six: Governance and Administration''</ref>


raw data can be obtained from />

The total operating budget for the University of Montana for fiscal year 2009 was approximately $345 million. Of $135 million comes from the General Funds budget (app. $90 million from tuition, $45 million from the state) and $210 million from restricted funds (about $80 million), auxiliary funds ($46 million), designated funds ($44 million), and plant funds ($37 million).

Over the past 20 years, state support for higher education has dropped dramatically. In 1990, the State of Montana provided for 69% of the educational and general funds budget. It now supports 36% of the general fund or 17% of the university's operating budget. This decrease in funding has, in part, been made up by the university successfully competing for sponsored research money with a growth from $12 million in 1994 to $71 million in 2009 and salaries as low as 3/5 the national average.<ref>Accreditation 2010 Self-Study Report Standard Seven: Finance</ref>

Colleges, schools, and centers

data from />

The University of Montana comprises five colleges and three independent schools:

The University of Montana is also home to a variety of projects, research centers, and institutes.

Campus media

The Montana Kaimin, founded in 1898, is the student-run college newspaper. It is independent of the university. It attracted national attention in 2009, when football coach Bobby Hauck refused to take questions from the paper in retaliation for a story about an alleged assault by two Grizzly football players.<ref name=“Moy”>

</ref> The Montanan is the University's alumni newsletter, published by the University Relations office. CutBank, founded in 1973 by the Creative Writing Program, is a literary magazine. Camas: The Nature of the West, is a literary journal run by graduate students of the Environmental Studies Program.

KBGA (89.9 FM) is the college radio station. KUFM-FM is the flagship and founding station of Montana Public Radio. Founded in 1965, its studios are located in the Broadcast Media Center, of the Performing Arts/Radio Television Building. KUFM-TV (Channel 11) is the local Montana PBS station

Student life

A variety of student organizations exist on campus. Seven fraternities and four sororities have chapters on campus. The fraternities are Phi Delta Theta (1921), Sigma Nu (established at UM in 1904), Sigma Chi (1905), Sigma Phi Epsilon (1918), Sigma Alpha Epsilon (1927), and Kappa Sigma (1927).<ref>

</ref> The sororities are Kappa Alpha Theta (1909), Kappa Kappa Gamma (1909), Delta Gamma (1911), and Alpha Phi (1918).

The University of Montana's International Program began as the International Student club in 1924. It was founded by Alex Stepanzoff and four other Russians who were the first foreign exchange students at the university and is the oldest student organization at the university. The first study abroad programs were created with programs to France, Germany, and Spain in 1971. In 1981, the Mansfield Center was established and certification in teaching of English as a second language (TESL) began.<ref>“History of International Activities at the University of Montana,” University of Montana International Programs.</ref> As of 2010, the university has partnerships established with over 90 universities in over 40 countries. The largest number of partnership are with universities in Japan (eight), China (seven), and Chile (seven).<ref>UM International Partners,“ University of Montana International Programs.</ref>

Programs on Central and Southwest Asia was created in 1997. UM is currently the only American university offering a Bachelor of Arts in Central and Southwest Asian Studies. In September 2010, the Montana Board of Regents unanimously approved the creation of the Center for the Study of Central and Southwest Asia at The University of Montana.<ref>


</ref><ref>UM International Partners:</ref>


  • A parking decal can be purchased for $185.00 or day passes for $3.00. The UM website states “On an average school day 15,000–17,000 students, teachers, and staff are coming to campus and competing for only 4,500 parking spaces.” It is recommended that students carefully consider the value of paying for campus parking, as it is becoming increasingly difficult to obtain parking spaces.<ref>ASUM – Office of Transportation</ref>
  • Buses are free for anyone with a University ID (known as a GrizCard) and up to $1.00 for the general public.<ref>Mountain Line Fares and Passes</ref>
  • The University can be reached on the Mountain Line bus system on routes 1,8, & 12. Buses do not run on Sundays.<ref>Mountain Line Routes with interactive map</ref>
  • The University has three Park and Ride lots located to the north, south, and east of campus. Shuttles run every 10–20 minutes 7:25&nbsp;am–6:15&nbsp;pm M-F during Fall & Spring semesters.<ref>UM Park 'n' Ride</ref>
  • UDASH is the late night shuttle service that runs every half hour from campus to Lewis & Clark (student housing), back to campus and then downtown.<ref>


  • The ASUM Cruiser Co-op program allows students to check out yellow cruiser bike (unisex, with lights, basket, and lock) for up to two days for free with a Griz Card.<ref>UM Bicycle Information



The athletic teams are nicknamed the Montana Grizzlies, often shortened to Griz or Lady Griz (when referring to women's teams). The University has competed in the NCAA's Big Sky Conference since the conference was formed in 1963. From 1924 to 1950, the University of Montana was a member of the Pacific Coast Conference (precursor to today's Pac-12). The University of Montana has an ongoing rivalry with Montana State University, most notably the cross-state football matchups, known as the ”Brawl of the Wild.“

Programs include:

  • Montana Grizzlies football – Since the 1990s, the Griz have established themselves as one of the most dominant football teams in both the Big Sky Conference and in the NCAA Football Championship Subdivision (known as Division I-AA football before 2006). They have won or shared 11 of the last 16 Big Sky football championships since 1990, and won the I-AA national title in 1995 and 2001.
  • Montana Grizzlies men's basketball – The men's basketball team has established itself in recent years as a power in the Big Sky, and was the conference representative to the NCAA Division I Men's basketball tournament in 2005 and 2006. At the 2006 tournament, the 12th-seeded Griz upset fifth-seeded University of Nevada, Reno, 87-79, the school's first win in the tournament in 31 years. The Cinderella run ended against the fourth-seeded Boston College Eagles.
  • Montana Grizzlies women's basketball – The women's basketball team is the most successful team in the Big Sky Conference. The Lady Griz have won 17 conference titles in 25 years, most recently in 2012, and have competed in the NCAA Women's tournament 17 times. The Lady Griz have been coached since 1978 by Robin Selvig (Montana, 1974), who has an overall record of 645–188 (.774 winning percentage) as head coach of the Lady Griz. Selvig earned his 600th win in just 772 games—sixth fastest of any NCAA coach (men or women).
  • Montana Grizzlies women's soccer – Recently hired a new head coach in Mark Plakorus. Plakorus becomes the third head coach of a program that will be entering its 18th season of play in the fall of 2011. He was stationed at Malmstrom Air Force Base in Great Falls from 1994–1999, has begun the head coach and director of the Flathead Soccer Camp in Kalispell since 1998, has been coaching in the collegiate ranks since 2022 when he chose to end an 11-year Air Force Career to pursue a career in coach soccer full-time. He spent two seasons from 2002–2003 as an assistant at University of Iowa and one year at University of Tulsa before joining the Texas Christian University staff as an assistant coach.

Other intercollegiate sports include men's and women's cross country, women's golf, men's and women's track and field, men's and women's indoor track and field, men's and women's tennis, and women's volleyball.

Intramural sports include men's lacrosse (won 2007 national championship in their division, MCLA-B) and women's lacrosse, the Alpine Ski Team (went to the national championships in winter 2006), rowing, dance and cheer, men's and women's ice hockey, men's soccer, the Woodsman Team, rodeo, the Missoula Footbag Alliance. triathlon, cycling, fencing, Jesters Rugby, and Betterside Women's Rugby. baseball is a club sport at the university. Led by James R. “Pops” Jones since 1997, the team won three Big Sky Championships in 2003, 2004, and 2005 as a player/coach. The team is currently a member of the National Club Baseball Association and finished second in the 2004 National Tournament.

The mascot of the university is Monte, a Grizzly Bear. In 1897, a live bear cub traveled with UM's football team, then known as the “Bears” (the “Grizzlies” name was adopted in 1923). Numerous live bear cubs who served as university mascots, first named Teddy, then Fessy and finally, in the 1960s, Cocoa. UM's costumed mascot during the 1980s, dubbed Otto, donned a variety of fun-loving outfits to entertain crowds at Grizzly football games. Monte (short for Montana) was born in the mountains of Missoula in the fall 1993. The 2002–03 and 2004–05 National Champion Mascot of the Year (Capital One/ESPN) has evolved into a “motorcycle-riding, break-dancing, back flipping, slam-dunking, movie-making, crowd-surfing, goal post smashing, prank-pulling superstar that makes the women of Montana swoon.”<ref>Montana Grizzlies website</ref>

Presidents of the school

<ref>University of Montana's Past Presidents</ref>

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 bar:1  color:powderblue from:1895 shift:(87,-5) till:1908 text:Oscar J. Craig (1895–1908)
 bar:2  color:powderblue from:1908 shift:(30,-5) till:1912 text:Clyde V. Duniway (1908–1912)
 bar:3  color:powderblue from:1912 shift:(24,-5) till:1915 text:Edwin B. Craighead (1912–1915)
 bar:4  color:powderblue from:1915 shift:(20,-5) till:1917 text:Randall M. M. Savage (1915–1917)
 bar:5  color:powderblue from:1917 shift:(30,-5) till:1921 text:Edward O. Sisson (1917–1921)
 bar:6  color:powderblue from:1921 shift:(95,-5) till:1935 text:Charles H. Clapp (1921–1935)
 bar:7  color:powderblue from:1936 shift:(-200,-5) till:1941 text:George F. Simmons (1936–1941)
 bar:8  color:powderblue from:1941 shift:(-175,-5) till:1945 text:[[Ernest O. Melby]] (1941–1945)
 bar:9  color:powderblue from:1945 shift:(-185,-5) till:1950 text:James A. McCain (1945–1950)
 bar:10 color:powderblue from:1951 shift:(-170,-5) till:1958 text:Carl McFarland (1951–1958)
 bar:11 color:powderblue from:1959 shift:(-185,-5) till:1963 text:Harry K. Newburn (1959–1963)
 bar:12 color:powderblue from:1963 shift:(-162,-5) till:1966 text:Robert Johns (1963–1966)
 bar:13 color:powderblue from:1966 shift:(-185,-5) till:1974 text:Robert T. Pantzer (1966–1974)
 bar:14 color:powderblue from:1974 shift:(-190,-5) till:1981 text:Richard C. Bowers (1974–1981)
 bar:15 color:powderblue from:1981 shift:(-174,-5) till:1986 text:Neil S. Bucklew (1981–1986)
 bar:16 color:powderblue from:1986 shift:(-172,-5) till:1990 text:James V. Koch (1986–1990)
 bar:17 color:powderblue from:1990 shift:(-205,-5) till:2010 text:[[George M. Dennison]] (1990–2010)
 bar:18 color:powderblue from:2010 shift:(-193,-5) till:end text:[[Royce Engstrom]] (2010–Current)

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Snippet from Wikipedia: Montana State University

Montana State University (MSU) is a public land-grant research university in Bozeman, Montana. It is the state's largest university. MSU offers baccalaureate degrees in 60 fields, master's degrees in 68 fields, and doctoral degrees in 35 fields through its nine colleges. The university regularly reports annual research expenditures in excess of $100 million, including a record $138.8 million in 2019.

Located on the south side of Bozeman, the university's 1,170 acres (470 ha) campus is the largest in the state. The elevation of the campus is 4,900 feet (1,500 m) above sea level.

More than 16,700 students attended MSU in fall 2019, taught by 796 full-time and 547 part-time faculty. The university's main campus in Bozeman is home to KUSM television, KGLT radio, and the Museum of the Rockies. MSU provides outreach services to citizens and communities statewide through its agricultural experiment station and 60 county and reservation extension offices.



Montana State University (MSU) is a public university located in Bozeman, Montana, United States. It is the state's land-grant university and primary campus in the Montana State University System, which is part of the Montana University System. MSU offers baccalaureate degrees in 51 fields, master's degrees in 41 fields, and doctoral degrees in 18 fields through its nine colleges.

Almost 15,300 students attend MSU,<ref name=“2013recordenrollment” /> and the university faculty numbers, including department heads, are 743 full-time and 411 part-time.<ref name=“QuickFacts” /> The university's main campus in Bozeman is home to KUSM television, KGLT radio, and the Museum of the Rockies. MSU provides outreach services to citizens and communities statewide through its eight Agricultural Experiment Stations and 60 county and reservation Extension Offices.


Establishment of the college

Montana became a state on November 8, 1889. Several cities competed intensely to be the state capital, the city of Bozeman among them. In time, the city of Helena was named the state capital. As a consolation, the state legislature agreed to put the state's land-grant college in Bozeman. Gallatin County rancher and businessman Nelson Story, Sr. had agreed to donate about

for the site of the state capital. This land, as well as additional property and monetary contributions, was now turned over to the state for the new college.

MSU was founded in 1893 as the Agricultural College of the State of Montana. It opened on February 16 with five male and three female students. The first classes were held in rooms in the county high school, and later that year in the shuttered Bozeman Academy (a private preparatory school). The first students were from Bozeman Academy, and were forced to transfer to the college. Only two faculty existed on opening day: Luther Foster, a horticulturalist from South Dakota who was also Acting President, and Homer G. Phelps, who taught business. Within weeks, they were joined by S.M. Emery (who ran the agricultural experiment station) and Benjamin F. Maiden (an English teacher from the former Bozeman Academy). Augustus M. Ryon, a coal mine owner, was named the first president of the college on April 17, 1893. Ryon immediately clashed with the board of trustees and faculty. Where the trustees wanted the college to focus on agriculture, Ryon pointed out that few of its students intended to go back to farming. While the rapidly-expanding faculty wanted to establish a remedial education program to assist unprepared undergraduates (Montana's elementary and secondary public education system was in dire shape at the time), Ryon refused. The donation of the Story land to the college occurred in 1894, but Ryon was forced out in 1895 and replaced by the Rev. Dr. James R. Reid, a Presbyterian minister who had been president of the Montana College at Deer Lodge since 1890.

The college grew quickly under Reid, who provided 10 years of stability and harmony. The student body grew so fast that the high school building was completely taken over by the college. A vacant store on Main Street was rented to provide additional classroom space. Both the Agricultural Experiment Station (now known as Taylor Hall) and the Main Building (now known as Montana Hall) were constructed in 1896, although the agricultural building was the first to open. Both structures were occupied in 1898. The university football team was established in 1897, and the college graduated its first four students that same year. The curriculum expanded into civil and electrical engineering in 1898.

Expansion and growth under Hamilton and Atkinson

Reid resigned for health reasons in 1905, and was succeeded by Dr. James M. Hamilton, an economist. Determined to make the college into a school of technology, he rapidly expanded the curriculum areas such as biology, chemistry, engineering, geology, and physics. Hamilton also devised the university motto, “Education for Efficiency”, which the college continued to use until the 1990s. Further marking this change in direction, the school was officially renamed the Montana College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts in 1913 (although that name was in widespread use as early as 1894). The college's first great rapid expansion of physical plant also began under Hamilton. Constructed during this time were Linfield Hall (1908), Hamilton Hall (1910), and Traphagen Hall (1919). The giant whitewashed “M” on the side of the Mount Baldy in the foothills of the Bridger Range was first built in 1916, and in 1917 ROTC came to campus for the first time.

Hamilton resigned in 1919, and his successor was agricultural expert Alfred Atkinson. Atkinson had the second-longest tenure as president (as of 2013) of any person at the college, a tenure lasting 17 years (1920 to 1937). A firm believer in Hamilton's vision for the school, Atkinson worked hard to continue the rapid expansion of the campus. The iconic, domed Gymnasium Building (now Romney Gym) was built in 1922, replacing a dilapidated “drill hall” and giving the school's men's basketball team its first home court. The Heating Plant, Lewis Hall, and Roberts Hall followed in 1923. By the 1920s, the school was commonly referred to as Montana State College (MSC). Herrick Hall followed in 1926. The college was justifiably proud of its academic accomplishments, but its sports teams entered a golden age as well. In 1922, Atkinson hired George Ott Romney and Schubert Dyche as co-head coaches of the football and men's basketball teams. Between 1922 and 1928 (the year he departed Montana for Brigham Young University), Romney's football teams complied a 28-20-1 record. This included the 1924 season in which his team went undefeated until the final game of the year. As co-head basketball coach, Romney's teams compiled a 144-31 record and invented the fast break. After Romney left, Schubert Dyche coached the “Golden Bobcats” team of 1928, which had a 36-2 record and won the national championship.<ref>The starting lineup consisted of John “Brick” Breeden, J. Ashworth “Cat” Thompson, Orland Ward, Frank Worden, and Max Worthington.</ref> In his seven years as basketball coach, Dyche's teams complied a 110-93 record (this included the dismal 1932-1933 and 1933-1934 seasons), but won their conference championship twice. In 1930, the college built Gatton Field, a football field on what is now the site of the Marga Hosaeus Fitness Center. In one of President Atkinson's last accomplishments, the Dormitory Quadrangle (now Atkinson Quadrangle) was built.

The first three decades of the 20th century were rowdy ones on the college campus. Bozeman had a large red-light district by 1900, alcohol was plentiful and cheap, and there was little in the way of organized entertainment such as theaters to occupy the student body. President Reid spent much of his presidency cracking down on dancing, drinking, gambling, and prostitution by students. President Hamilton sought to improve the atmosphere for women by building Hamilton Hall, which was not only the first on-campus housing for students but also the first all-women's housing on campus. Access by men to Hamilton Hall was strictly limited to young teenage boys (who acted as servants); adult males were permitted only in the first floor lounge, and only on Sundays. Atkinson Quadrangle was built on the location of the “Bobcat Lair”, a popular student drinking and dancing hangout.

Depression and World War II

The college suffered greatly during the Great Depression. The price of agricultural products (Montana's economic mainstay) soared during World War I, as European and Russian farms were devastated by military campaigns and American and European armies demanded food. For a few years after the war, these prices stayed high. But as European agricultural got back on its feet, an agricultural depression swamped the United States beginning about 1923. State tax revenues plunged, and fewer buildings were constructed on campus after 1923. The United States entered the Great Depression in 1929. President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Public Works Administration (PWA) in 1933 to provide federal funding for public works construction as a means of economic stimulus. But President Atkinson was strongly opposed to Roosevelt's New Deal, and refused to accept PWA funds to expand the college. With the state unable to assist, Montana State College stagnated through the 1930s.

President Atkinson resigned in 1937 to become president of the University of Arizona. A. L. Strand, an entomologist who had discovered ways of controlling the devastating locust invasions in Montana, was named the new president. Strand was the first graduate of the college to become its president. An upsurge in campus drinking occurred after the end of Prohibition, and in 1940 the Student Union Building (now strand Union Building) was built to provide students with a gathering spot on campus that (it was hoped) would keep them away from the saloons downtown.

President Strand resigned his office in 1942 to accept the presidency of Oregon State University. (He remained there for 19 years, turning Oregon State into a world-class research and teaching institution.) With Montana still not yet having emerged from the Great Depression, the college struggled to find a new president. Engineering professor William Cobleigh took over as Acting President until from 1942 to 1943 while a replacement for Strand was found. During Cobleigh's year as president, college enrollment plunged as young men entered the armed forces or left to work in war industry plants on the West Coast. Nonetheless, federal funding increased as the United States Department of War sought rapid, significant increases in the number of chemical, engineering, and physics graduates to feed the war effort.

The Renne years

In 1943, the state board of higher education appointed MSC economist Roland “Rollie” Renne to be the new acting president of the college. Renne was a protege of nationally known liberal economists Richard T. Ely and John R. Commons and a strong proponent of the New Deal. He'd taught at MSC since 1930, although he'd taken a leave of absence in 1942 to become the director of Montana's Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supply (a federal wartime agency). Renne was named the permanent president of the college on July 1, 1944.

Renne was president of the college for 11 years, the third-longest of any individual (as of 2013). With the passage of the G.I. Bill just eight days before his appointment and the end of the war in sight, Renne realized that servicemen returning from the war were going to flood college campuses. Renne quickly began hiring additional faculty and recycled wartime wooden buildings from around the state to build temporary classroom and housing space. His foresight helped the college survive the rapid rise in enrollment, which doubled from 1,155 in 1945 to 2,014 in 1946 and then nearly doubled again in 1947 to 3,591. Faculty numbers also skyrocketed, from 132 in 1945 to 257 in 1950. Believing that a college education was as much about instilling democratic values as teaching skills and trades, Renne rapidly changed the curriculum to emphasize liberal arts such as anthropology, archeology, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Although the University of Montana (long considered the state's “liberal arts college”, while MSC was the “ag school”) opposed much expansion in this area, Renne successfully established a Department of Education, reconstituted the School of Business, and established new undergraduate and graduate programs in architecture, geography, geology, military science, and other disciplines.

Throughout the 1950s, Renne worked to rapidly expand the college's physical plant. During his presidency, 18 major buildings were constructed on campus — more than double the number that had been built between 1893 and 1944, and almost as many as were built between 1966 and 2013. These included the 1949 Library Building (now Renne Library), the campus' first dedicated library (it had previously been housed in a few rooms on the second floor of Montana Hall), and the 1958 Brick Breeden Fieldhouse (which supplemented the aging, outdated Romney Gym). The construction program included a chapel (Danforth Chapel in 1950), five large classroom buildings (McCall Hall in 1952, A.J.M. Johnson Hall in 1954, Reid Hall in 1959, Cooley Laboratory in 1960, and Gaines Hall in 1961), and seven residential and dining halls (Hannon Hall in 1954; Johnstone Hall in 1955; Culbertson Hall, Harrison Dining Hall, Mullan Hall, and Langford Hall in 1955; and Hapner Hall in 1959). Begun under his presidency but completed the year after he left were three more residential and dining halls (North Hedges, South Hedges, and Miller Dining Hall).

There was some criticism that Renne did not pay full attention to the college in the 1950s. His governance style was somewhat authoritarian, and his extendes absences led to leadership vacuums. He agreed to consulting roles with the Water Resources Policy Commission, Mutual Security Agency, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United States Department of State, and the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare throughout the 1950s that often took him away from campus for weeks at a time. He took a leave of absence from the college to become Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for International Affairs from 1963 to 1964.

Dr. Renne resigned as president of Montana State College effective January 1, 1964, to run for Governor of Montana. He lost the election, 51.4 to 48.6 percent, to incumbent governor Tim Babcock.

Campus life was not without its controversy during Renne's tenure, either. With McCarthyism and anti-communist feeling running high in the country, Renne sough to protect the campus from political investigations by restricting student speech and assembly. He also restricted the kind of speakers who visited the campus, most famously denying former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and literary critic Leslie Fiedler the right to speak on campus. Other incidents also brought notoriety to campus. On March 7, 1957, 1,000 male students engaged in a “panty raid” on Hannon Hall, It turned in a riot that took all night to control.

University status and campus conservatism

In February 1964, Dr. Leon H. Johnson was appointed president of MSC. A research chemist who joined the college in 1943, he had most recently been the Executive Director of school's Endowed and Reseearch Foundation (at the time, MSC's largest research unit) and Dean of the Graduate Division. Deeply committed to the college's research function, he pushed for MSC to be named a university — a change Renne had since the early 1950s, and which the Montana state legislature approved on July 1, 1965. At that time, the school received its new name, Montana State University (MSU). Bachelor degree programs in economics, English, history, music, political science, and other disciplines were quickly established, as was the first university honors program. Johnson was a devoted admirer of the arts, and MSU's art and music programs blossomed. Johnson quickly worked to end the acrimonious relationship with the University of Montana, and the two schools began to present a united front to the state legislature.

Johnson was deeply conservative — fiscally, socially, and politically. He was deeply committeed to continuing Renne's educational plan, but declined to spend money on new buildings (preferring to consolidate and renovate rather than expand). He also continued Renne's policies largely barring from campus speakers who were not clearly in the political main stream. Johnson's policies were largely supported by the student body and the taxpaying public. MSU practiced a policy known as in loco parentis, in which it acted as a “parent” toward the “children” attending school there. Students themselves accepted these restrictions, which included dress codes, older adult chaperones at dances, a ban on alcohol, and mandatory military training for freshmen and sophomores. Although many American college campuses were engulfed by student radicalism, MSU's student body was as conservative as Johnson was, however, and for many years the biggest issues on campus were ending Saturday morning classes and building student parking lots.

There were some campus protests, however. The first protest against the Vietnam War occurred in 1966 (drawing about 100 students), two underground student newspapers briefly appeared, and some students organized clubs to debate issues of the day. There were minor faculty and student protests when Johnson attempted to prevent English professor James Myers from assigning students to read James Baldwin's novel Another Country, and in the summer of 1968 a few faculty organized a symposium on the war. When about 150 students rallied in front of Montana Hall in 1969 to ask for co-ed and “open visitation” dorms (e.g., to allow men into women's dorm rooms, and vice versa), Johnson threatened to call out the city police.

MSU's Bobcat Stadium saw its genesis during the Johnson years. Growing student unrest over the football team's use of decrepit Gatton Field (while the basketball team used modern Brick Breeden Fieldhouse) led to a proposal by Johnson in April 1968 to build a 16,000-seat stadium funded by student fees. The proposal failed in December 1968 after students argued that the university should concurrently build a new fitness center as well.

President Johnson died of a heart attack on June 18, 1969. He'd suffered a heart attack in October 1968, and then underwent surgery out of state in April 1969.

William Johnstone, a professor of education and Vice President for Administration at MSU, took over as Acting President. He was the first and (as of 2013) the only Montanan to become president of MSU. Johnstone pledged to build the fitness center first, and in December 1969 the student body approved the finance plan for the new football stadium. On April 2, 1970, about 250 students engaged in a sit-in in Montana Hall to protest Myers' termination, but it ended peacefully a day later. Myers was terminated, and another eight faculty resigned in protest. But during his year in office, the university completed Cobleigh Hall (ironically named for the last individual to be named acting president).

Tough fiscal times of the 1970s

Dr. Carl W. McIntosh was named MSU's eighth president in June 1970. Previously the president of 28,000-student California State University, Long Beach, McIntosh brought a consultative and deliberate style of decision-making to the university. He faced a poor fiscal climate: The state was entering a decade-long depression brought about by a steep drop in commodity prices, the state's higher education system had grown too large and unwieldy, and Governor Thomas L. Judge had established a blue-ribbon committee to close several of the state's colleges. In 1974, women faculty at MSU sued, alleging gender discrimination. They won their suit in 1976, leading to a $400,00 damages award, a back-pay award, and extensive promotions (which also increased salaries). To accommodate these fiscal realities, McIntosh ordered several doctoral and master's degree programs terminated, and all advanced degree programs in the social sciences and liberal arts canceled.

But McIntosh also scored a number of successes. In 1972, he persuaded the legislature to allow MSU to participate in the Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI) medical program, which allowed 20 MSU graduates a year to complete medical school at the University of Washington. The college of nursing (Sherrick Hall) was finished in 1973, and after three long years of construction Reno H. Sales Stadium (now Bobcat Stadium and Martel Field) and the Marga Hosaeus Fitness Center both opened. In 1974, the long-planned Creative Arts Complex (Cheever Hall, Haynes Hall, and Howard Hall) was also completed. Unfortunately, major increases in inflation led to significant design changes. Instead of a 1,200-seat concert hall with superb acoustics, a cramped and aurally dead 260-seat auditorium was built. Finally, in 1976, the university completed the new medical science building, Leon Johnson Hall.

In 1976, the “hidden million” controversy ended McIntosh's tenure as president. In 1975, Montana's first Commissioner of Higher Education, Dr. Lawrence K. Pettit (a former MSU professor of political science) launched an investigation of several Montana colleges and universities. He was particularly interested in MSU, where McIntosh's laid-back governance style was widely considered to have hurt the university. In March 1976, Pettit announced he was confiscating $1 million in surplus student fees from MSU — money he argued the university was trying to hide from state auditors and the legislature. In fact, the monies were the result of excessively high enrollment in the 1974-1975 school year, and were intended to help see the university through the 1975-1976 school year (when the legislature would not meet, and thus could not provide the needed budgetary boost to handle the over-enrollment).<ref>The monies would have covered less than 25 percent of the over-enrollment of 700 students.</ref> Pettit all but accused MSU and McIntosh of fraud, and McIntosh refused to attack Pettit's statements as mischaracterizations and slander. The public outcry about the “hidden million” led the Board of Regents to request McIntosh's resignation on June 30, 1977, which he tendered. (Pettit resigned the following year, his combative attempt to turn the commissioner's office into a sort of chancellorship having failed.)

Located on the south side of Bozeman, the university's

campus is the largest in the state. The elevation of the campus is

above sea level.<ref>Bozeman, Montana, United States. U.S. Geological Survey. July 1, 1987. via Microsoft Research Maps. Accessed 2013-08-12.</ref>

Resurgence and retrenchment under Tietz

Dr. William Tietz, MSU's ninth president, arrive in August 1977 just as economic conditions in the state were improving. With three of the four vice presidencies at the university open, Tietz imposed his stamp on the administration almost immediately. This included a strong emphasis on research, faculty development, better teaching, and diversity (particularly for Native Americans, the handicapped, and women). His aggressiveness, energy, and immediate rebudgeting of funds into faculty sabbaticals helped win over professors, who voted against unionization in 1978. Tietz's major goal, increasing research funding, was greatly helped by a 1981 decision of the legislature to refund indirect cost payments back to the university. This led to an immediate 15 percent recovery of in federal funds, and in time private foundation funding rose significantly as well.

Only two buildings were constructed during Tietz's presidency — the Visual Communications Building in 1983 and the Plant Growth Center in 1987. Most of his focus as president was on raising salaries. A third building, the modern home of the Museum of the Rockies, opened in 1989. But this structure was paid for by bonds. Faculty salaries had declined 23 percent during the 1970s (due to wage freezes) and MSU was in the bottom 10 percent of salaries for faculty nationwide. Cooperative Extension Service salaries were dead last in the nation. The state legislature implemented a new salary funding formula that rectified many of these problems. Some university programs were also reestablished, such as the honors program, and some new ones formed, such as the Writing Center.

The state once more entered a severe economic downturn in the mid 1980s. Budget cuts totaling nearly 10 percent, coupled with an enrollment shortfall, led to significant retrenchment. Tietz argued MSU should focus on its strongest programs. Thus, a wide array of programs were terminated: Membership in the Center for Research Libraries; sports like skiing, women's gymnastics, and wrestling; degree programs like engineering science, business education, and industrial arts; and the office of institutional research. Departments were merged and downsized, and Tietz proposed closing the School of Architecture. A battle broke out to save it, and Tietz backed off his decision. Tietz increasingly blamed Governor Ted Schwinden for a failure to support higher education, and lashed out repeatedly against the governor when Schwinden publicly ridiculed MSU's new Tech Park (a

project designed to function as a technology incubator). Although a second faculty unionization effort failed in 1989, Tietz resigned n March 1990, frustrated by the constant battles with an “old guard” resistant to turning MSU toward high technology.

Centennial and expansion

Michael P. Malone was named MSU's Acting President on January 1, 1991,<ref name=“Native”>“Garfield County Native Named MSU President.” Lewiston Morning Tribune. November 6, 1991.</ref> and permanently appointed to the position in March 1991, Malone was named MSU's 10th president.<ref name=“MaloneDies”>Schontzler, Gail. "MSU President Mike Malone Dies." ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' December 21, 1999. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> He had served as MSU's Dean of Graduate Studies from 1979 to 1988,<ref name=“Lewistonobit”>“Michael P. Malone, 59, Native of Pomeroy.” Lewiston Morning Tribune. December 24, 1999.</ref> and then three one-year temporary appointments as Vice President for Academic Affairs while a fruitless nation search occurred for a permanent replacement.<ref name=“Native” /><ref name=“Lewistonobit” /> As Dean of Graduate Studies, he'd been critical of what he perceived as the state's unwillingnes to invest in high technology education.<ref>Lamba, David. “Wary of Change.” Los Angeles Times. October 23, 1986.</ref>

Malone's governance style was democratic, friendly, and personal.<ref name=“MaloneDies” /> His friendly style made him personally popular with legislators and earned their respect.<ref name=“MaloneDies” /> Nonetheless, he was criticized for focusing too much about how little money MSU had and for criticizing the legislature too much for not investing in higher education.<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct”>Schontzler, Gail. “Geoff Gamble - A Hard Act to Follow.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 29, 2009.</ref>

Malone was the first MSU president to preside over the Billings, Great Falls, and Havre campuses.<ref name=“Lewistonobit” /> On July 1, 1994, Montana restructured the Montana University System. Eastern Montana College in Billings, Montana Northern College in Havre, and the Vocational-Technical Center in Great Falls lost their independence and were made satellite campuses of Montana State University. Although Montana's seven tribal colleges remained independent (as they are sponsored by sovereign nations), the state required them to integrate their teaching, operations, and academic operations with both Montana State University and the University of Montana in order to continue to receive state funding.

Montana State University celebrated its centennial in 1993.

During Malone's presidency, Montana State University witnessed “one of the greatest expansions in campus history”, as a large number of new buildings were constructed.<ref name=“MaloneDies” /> These included the $1 million Centennial Mall (1993), the $22 million Engineering and Physical Sciences Building (1997), the $10 million Bobcat Stadium renovation, the $13.5 million renovation of Brick Breeden Fieldhouse, the $12 million Agricultural Biosciences Building (1999), and the $7.5 million Renne Library renovation (1999).<ref name=“MaloneDies” /> A strong sports fan, Malone's focus extended to sports personnel as well as sports facilities. In 1999, he fired Bobcats football head coach Cliff Hysell after eight losing seasons and hired Mike Kramer, the winning coach at Eastern Washington University.<ref>Bergum, Steve. “Bad Vibes From Start.” The Spokesman Review. October 6, 2000.</ref> In October 1999, he fired MSU women's basketball head coach Tracey Sheehan and assistant coach Jeff Malby after an NCAA investigation revealed that the two coaches were overworking their team and causing injuries to atudent-athletes.<ref name=“MSUWomen”>“MSU Women's Basketball Coaches Sheehan, Malby Fired.” Associated Press. November 1, 1999.</ref>

Like William Tietz before him, Malone also pushed hard for faculty and the university to seek and win federal funding for scientific research. Federal research funding grew from just $13 million in the late 1980s to more than $50 million in 1999.<ref name=“BDCObit”>"Obituary for Michael P. Malone." ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' December 21, 1999. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> The undergraduate curriculum was revamped,<ref name=“BDCObit” /> enrollment hit a historic high of 11,746 students in 1999,<ref name=“MaloneDies” /> and the Burns Telecommunications Center was established.<ref name=“BDCObit” /> Malone benefitted from a strong economy that eased many of the fiscal pressures Tietz faced. He expanded alumni fund-raising programs, and pushed the MSU Foundation to redouble its fund-raising efforts.<ref name=“BDCObit” /> But the legislature was not forthcoming with salary increases. He weathered a strike by clerical and administrative support staff in 1992.<ref name=“MaloneDies” /> He was later criticized, however, for initiating projects without having the money to complete them and then using the subsequent construction crisis to raise the funds to finish the project.<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct” /> Tuition doubled during his time in office, angering students, and some faculty criticized his willingness to construct new buildings while declining to pay for teaching equipment.<ref name=“MaloneDies” />

The MSU community was shocked when Malone died of a heart attack at 1:15 A.M. at Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport.<ref name=“MaloneDies” /> He was the second MSU president to die in office, and the second to die of heart failure.

21st century stability

Malone's successor, Geoffrey Gamble, was named the 11th president of Montana State University on October 5, 2000.<ref>Anez, Bob. “Gamble Named New MSU President.” Associated Press. October 6, 2000.</ref> His governance style was open and consultative.<ref name=“Ellig”>Ellig, Tracy. "An Unprecedented President." ''Mountains & Minds Magazine.'' Fall 2009. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> In addition to making the president's executive council more representative<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct” /> and reaching out to the Faculty Senate,<ref name=“Ellig” /> he established a new 25-member University Planning, Budget and Analysis Committee to establish the university budget.<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct” /><ref name=“Ellig” /> Legislatively, Gamble promoted MSU's accomplishments, praised legislators for their financial support (even when it was not forthcoming), and spoke of state funding for the university in terms of investment that led to economic and job growth. According to Cathy Conover, MSU's chief legislative lobbyist, Gamble's style was “a sea change” that led the Republican-dominated state legislature to rave about him.<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct” />

Montana State University also implemented the “Core 2.0 curriculum” during Gamble's tenure as president. This program encourages undergraduate students to engage in research or practice their art prior to graduation.<ref name=“Ellig” />

Gamble also focused on research. Between 2000 and 2009, federal research funding at MSU grew by 61 percent to $98.4 million.<ref name=“RecordEnroll”>"MSU Has Record Enrollment." ''Big Sky Business Journal.'' October 6, 2009. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> Gamble trademarked the name “University of the Yellowstone” to reflect the high level of research MSU conducted in the greater Yellowstone National Park ecosystem.<ref>Schontzler, Gail. “Montana State Eyes Profile as University for Yellowstone Region.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 15, 2007.</ref>

Gamble also made diversity a major effort of his presidency. He appointed the university's first permanent female vice president, and by 2009 women outnumbered men among MSU's deans, five to four.<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct” /> He appointed Dr. Henrietta Mann (chair of the MSU Department of Native American Studies, and one of the most prominent Indian educators in the United States) his personal representative to the seven tribal colleges which participate in the Montana University System and created a Council of Elders to bring leaders of the tribal colleges together twice a year at MSU for discussions.<ref name=“Ellig” /> Native American enrollment at MSU rose 79 percent (to a historic high of 377 students) during Gamble's time in office.<ref name=“RecordEnroll” />

In 2006, a major sports scandal engulfed Montana State University. On June 30, 2006, former MSU basketball player Branden Miller and former MSU football player John LeBrum were charged with murdering local cocaine dealer Jason Wright.<ref>Miller played basketball for MSU from 2004 to 2005. Lebrum played football for MSU in the fall of 2003.</ref><ref>Ewan, Jeremy. "Wright Murder: Many Hands Helped Break Case." ''Belgrade News.'' July 4, 2006. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref><ref name=“Sullivan”>Sullivan, Ted. "Wright Murder Case: Anatomy of a Crime.' ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' December 15, 2007. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> After an 18-month investigation, six additional current and former MSU athletes were charged with buying and selling cocaine. Three of the six were charged with running a cocaine smuggling ring that sold

of cocaine in Bozeman between June 2005 to May 2007.<ref name=“Sullivan” />

Court records later revealed that some MSU coaches knew Miller carried handguns in his athletic bag at school and that the murder weapon and other handguns had been secreted in Brick Breeden Fieldhouse.<ref>"Montana State President to Respond to Murder Crisis." ''Associated Press.'' July 2, 2006. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> In August 2007, Sports Illustrated ran a front-page article, “Trouble in Paradise”, that recounted drug use, violence, theft, intimidation, and illegal activities by current and former MSU student athletes and the complicity of low-level coaching staff.<ref>Dohrmann, George. "Trouble in Paradise." ''Sports Illustrated.'' August 13, 2007. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> An investigation by the NCAA revealed significantly lower graduation rates for MSU football and basketball players under football coach Mike Kramer as well as men's basketball coach Mick Durham, and a large number of athletes on or flirting with academic probation.<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct” /><ref name=“HotWater”>"Former Montana State Head Coach Mike Kramer in Hot Water at Idaho State." ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' October 16, 2012. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref> Gamble quickly fired Kramer, who then sued MSU for unlawful dismissal.<ref name=“SchontzlerHardAct” /> Kramer and MSU settled out of court, and Kramer received a payment of $240,000.<ref name=“HotWater” /> In 2009, Gamble said his hardest time as president was dealing with the sports scandal.<ref name=“Retire”>Schontzler, Gail. "Gamble to Retire as MSU President." ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' March 23, 2009. Accessed 2013-08-10.</ref>

Gamble announced his retirement on March 22, 2009.<ref name=“Retire”/>

Record growth: 2010-2013

Waded Cruzado succeeded Gamble as president, taking office on Jan. 4, 2010. Since her arrival, the university’s headcount enrollment has grown from 13,559 in the fall of 2010 to a record 15,294 in the fall of 2013 – a 12.79 percent increase – making MSU the largest university in the state of Montana.<ref>Kidston, Martin. “MSU announces record fall enrollment of 15,294.” Missoulian. Sept. 30, 2013.</ref>

In addition to enrollment increases, the campus has seen the completion of numerous major construction and renovation projects since Cruzado’s arrival. In the fall of 2010, the university reopened one of its most heavily used classroom buildings on campus, Gaines Hall, after a $32 million renovation funded by the Montana Legislature.<ref>Schontzler, Gail. “Gaines Hall: MSU transformes most-used classroom building from ‘dungeon’ to showplace.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Sept. 21, 2010.</ref>

That same fall, the university opened its new, 40,000-square-foot Animal Bioscience Building. The $15.7 million building was funded, in part, by donations from Montana’s livestock and grains industry. In addition to classroom and teaching laboratory space, the building is home to the MSU College of Agriculture’s Department of Animal and Range Sciences. <ref>Schontzler, Gail. “Animal Bioscience Building brings MSU livestock teaching research into 21st century.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Nov. 5, 2010.</ref>

While the Gaines Hall renovation and the Animal Biosciences building were underway before Cruzado took office, in the fall of 2010 she launched an ambitious 90-day campaign to raise $6 million in private donations for a $10 million project to replace and expand the 38-year-old south end zone of the university’s football stadium. The university would cover the remaining $4 million for the project, paying it back from revenues generated by MSU Athletics, including ticket sales. The campaign was successful and resulted in a new end zone opening for the fall 2011 season.<ref>Schontzler, Gail. “Bobcat Stadium expansion exceeds $10 million goal.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Nov. 3, 2011.</ref> The end zone project resulted in a net gain of 5,200 seats for the stadium for a total capacity of 17,500. However, through additional standing-room-only attendance, the stadium thrice exceeded 21,000 spectators in the fall of 2013.<ref>“The Automated ScoreBook.” 2013 season, Montana State University. Accessed 2013-11-23.</ref>

The fall of 2010 also marked the official opening of Gallatin College Programs at MSU, which offers two-year education on campus. The two-year program had been formerly known as MSU-Great Falls College of Technology in Bozeman and was located away from the central campus. With the renaming, Gallatin College was also given offices and classrooms in Hamilton Hall, located in the campus center.<ref>“Gallatin College Programs set to open at MSU.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. Sept. 8, 2010.</ref>



MSU is the national leader for Phi Kappa Phi Graduate Fellowships and is among the top ten institutions in the country for recipients of Goldwater Scholarships. The university counts among its graduates several recipients of the Rhodes and Truman scholarships, and MSU has consistently produced winners of USA Today Academic All-America honors. U.S. News and World Report has routinely listed MSU as one of America's “best buys” for undergraduate education, and ranks it in the third tier of National Universities. Montana State University offers the world's only Master of Fine Arts degree in Science and Natural History Filmmaking, and MSU's Museum of the Rockies is home to the largest T. Rex skull ever found—bigger, even, than “Sue” at the Chicago Field Museum.

Montana State University has recently made a name for itself as “The University of Yellowstone,” for its extensive research and scholarly activities concerning the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Montana State University has received more than five times the number of National Science Foundation grants for Yellowstone studies than its nearest competition, Stanford and UCLA, according to David Roberts, head of MSU's ecology department.


  • College of Agriculture
  • College of Arts and Architecture
  • College of Business
  • College of Education, Health & Human Development
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Letters and Science
  • College of Nursing
  • University College
  • College of Graduate Studies
  • Roland R. Renne Library <ref>


    {{Div col end}}

Academic resources

Montana State University focuses its research efforts in the following areas and provides academic resources from these centers of excellence throughout the university.<ref>


  • Center for Biofilm Engineering
  • Center for Bio-Inspired Nanomaterials
  • Center for Computational Biology
  • Optical Technology Center
  • Energy Research Institute
  • Thermal Biology Institute
  • Paleontology
  • Infectious Diseases and Immunology
  • Western Transportation Institute
  • Montana Institute on Ecosystems
  • Montana Cooperative Fishery Research Unit
  • Montana Microfabrication Facility
  • Institute on Ecosystems
    {{Div col end}}

Gallatin College

Gallatin College is a two-year college for degree-seeking students and is housed on MSU campus to provide access to MSU campus student services including: dormitories, library facilities, and health services. As of September 2011,<ref>

</ref> Gallatin College offers three Associate of Applied Science Degrees, one Certificate of Applied Science, and a Developmental Education Program. It also offers a Dual Enrollment program for local high school students to broaden their available range of coursework offerings and share educational resources between MSU and local high schools.


The MSU athletic teams are nicknamed the Bobcats, and they participate in NCAA Division I (I-FCS for football) in the Big Sky Conference, of which Montana State University is a charter member. They field 15 varsity sports.<ref>VLBL_Splash_S28_29<!-- Bot generated title --></ref> Originally playing as the “Aggies,” men's teams compete in football, basketball, track, cross-country, skiing, rodeo and tennis. Women's teams include volleyball, basketball, track, cross-country, tennis, golf, rodeo and skiing.

Montana State University has won several national championships in men's rodeo, three national championships in football and one national championship in men's basketball. Non-varsity (club) sports include men's hockey, men's lacrosse, baseball, fencing and ultimate frisbee. Montana State University has an ongoing rivalry with the University of Montana, most notably the cross-state football matchups, known as the “Brawl of the Wild.”


Montana State Bobcats basketball history includes one of college basketball's legendary teams, the Golden Bobcats of the late 1920s. The school's basketball teams had acclaimed fame throughout the 1920s by playing “racehorse basketball” and becoming one of the first schools in the nation to employ what is known as the fast break. Montana State College coach Ott Romney, who graduated with a Masters from MSC prior to WWI,<ref>

Athletic Director|url=|publisher=Bringham Young University|accessdate=20 August 2011}}</ref> pioneered the style of play, and by 1926 had assembled a team perfectly suited to playing an up-tempo brand of ball. Cat Thompson, John “Brick” Breeden, Frank Ward, Val Glynn and Max Worthington were at the heart of the MSC team that won the Rocky Mountain Conference title three straight seasons, and bested Utah State, BYU, Colorado, and University of Denver. The 1928–29 team reached college basketball's zenith by defeating the AAU Champion Cook's Painters in a two-of-three series and steamrolling to the Rocky Mountain Conference title. The team was named National Champions by the Helms Foundation, which also named Cat Thompson one of the five greatest players in the first half of the 20th century in college hoops.


The Montana State Bobcats football team has a proud history. In 1956 the Bobcats football team took a share of the NAIA championship in the Aluminum Bowl in Little Rock, Arkansas playing to a 0–0 tie on a muddy field with the Pumas of St. Joseph’s College from Rensselaer, Indiana. In 1976 the Bobcats of Montana State won a national football title in NCAA Division II at Wichita Falls, Texas beating the Zips of Akron, Ohio 24-13 in the title game. In 1984, the Bobcats returned to a national football title game played in Charleston, South Carolina, beating the Bulldogs of Louisiana Tech 19-6 for their third national football title. The MSU Bobcats football is the only college team with national titles in three different classifications. The team has won 20 conference titles and has made the NCAA FCS playoffs in 2010, 2011 and 2012.


Montana State Bobcats rodeo team has a long proud history with the National Intercollegiate Rodeo Association. For almost 30 years MSU hosted the College National Finals Rodeo. Bobcat Rodeo teams have won 8 national team titles, 32 individual national championships and multiple Big Sky Regional crowns. The Bobcats Rodeo team operates under the MSU Department of Student Affairs and enjoys outstanding booster support form the C.A.T. Rodeo Scholarship Association.


Montana State Bobcats Alpine and Nordic Ski team compete in the Rocky Mountain Intercollegiate Skiing Association and the NCAA Western Region and has produced 13 national champions. The Bobcat Nordic and alpine ski program venues at Bridger Bowl and Bohart Ranch have hosted six NCAA National Championships.<ref>




  • Luther Foster - February 16, 1893, to April 17, 1893 (acting president)

1. Augustus M. Ryon - April 17, 1893, to 1895<br /> 2. James R. Reid - 1895 to 1904<br /> 3. James M. Hamilton - 1904 to 1919<br /> 4. Alfred Atkinson - 1920 to 1937<br /> 5. A. L. Strand - 1937 to 1942

  • William Cobleigh - 1942 to 1943 (acting president)

6. Roland Renne - 1943 to 1964 (acting from 1943 to June 30, 1944)<br /> 7. Leon H. Johnson - February 1964 to 1969 (died in office)

  • William Johnstone - 1969-1970 (acting president)

8. Carl W. McIntosh - 1970 to 1977<br /> 9. William Tietz - August 1977 to December 1990<ref>Schontzler, Gail. “Bill Tietz - The Maverick Who Shaped MSU.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. November 2, 2007.</ref><br /> 10. Michael P. Malone - March 1991 to December 21, 1999 (died in office)<ref>Schontzler, Gail. "MSU President Mike Malone Dies." ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' December 21, 1999, accessed 2013-08-10; "Obituary for Michael P. Malone." ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' December 21, 1999, accessed 2013-08-10.</ref>

  • Terry Roark - January 21, 2000 to November 30, 2000 (interim president)<ref>“MSU Hosts Public Reception for Interim President.” Bozeman Daily Chronicle. February 17, 2000.</ref>

11. Geoffrey Gamble - December 1, 2000, to December 22, 2009<ref name=“Retire”/><br /> 12. Waded Cruzado - January 1, 2010, to present (as of August 2013)<ref>Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado's Salary $280,000, Top in State Government." ''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' October 31, 2009, accessed 2013-08-11; Schontzler, Gail. "Gamble Upbeat On Last Day at Montana Hall."''Bozeman Daily Chronicle.'' December 23, 2009, accessed 2013-08-11.</ref>




  • Richard Brautigan, taught Creative Writing Spring, 1982<ref>


  • Peter Fonda, taught Film Workshop, Fall, 2000<ref>


  • Jack Horner, Regents Professor of Paleontology and Curator of Paleontology, Museum of the Rockies, teaches Paleontology<ref>


  • Patrick Markey, taught as Adjunct Professor.<ref>


  • Christopher Parkening, Classical Guitarist (Honorary Doctorate 1983),<ref>

    </ref> teaches annual Master Guitar Class<ref>


  • Robert Pirsig, author of Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, taught creative writing 1959–1961.<ref>


  • Bill Pullman, taught Theater and active with Montana Shakespeare in the Parks<ref>



  • David Quammen, Science, Nature, and Travel Writer (Honorary Doctorate, 2000) taught and served as Wallace Stegner Professor in Western American Studies, 2006–2008.<ref>


  • Frances Senska, taught Ceramics Arts, 1946–1973.<ref>



  • Gary Strobel, Microbiologist and Professor Emeritus of Plant Pathology, teaches Plant Sciences<ref>


Student organizations

The ASMSU (Associated Students of Montana State University) & Office of activities and engagement encourages all the students to gather people of same interest & establish clubs with them. There are around 200 clubs registered with ASMSU covering a large array of student interests.


External links

montana_university_system.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/12 18:36 (external edit)