User Tools

Site Tools


magazine

see also Magazine (disambiguation)

Journalism

See Journalist

Journalism is the skill of compiling, editing and presenting the news. Journalism exists in many mediums, from the traditional print forms (magazines, newspapers) to television and, particularly in 21st century, Internet websites such as blogs, podcasts, Youtube and forums.

See also

Magazines
are publications, usually periodical publications, that are printed or published electronically. (The online versions are called online magazines.) They are generally published on a regular schedule and contain a variety of content. They are generally financed by advertising, by a purchase price, by prepaid subscriptions, or all three.<ref>

</ref> At its root, the word “magazine” refers to a collection or storage location. In the case of written publication, it is a collection of written articles. (This explains why magazine publications share the word root with gunpowder magazines, artillery magazines, firearms magazines, and (in various languages although not English) retail stores such as department stores).

Distribution

Magazines can be distributed through the mail; through sales by newsstands, bookstores, or other vendors; or through free distribution at selected pick-up locations. Sales models for distribution fall into three main categories.

In this model, the magazine is sold to readers for a price, either on a per-issue basis or by subscription, where an annual fee or monthly price is paid and issues are sent by post to readers. Examples from the UK include Private Eye and PC Pro.

Non-paid circulation

This means that there is no cover price and issues are given away, for example in street dispensers, airline in-flight magazines, or included with other products or publications. An example from the UK and Australia is TNT Magazine.

Controlled circulation

This is the model used by “insider magazines” or industry-based publications distributed only to qualifying readers, often for free and determined by some form of survey. This latter model was widely used before the rise of the World Wide Web and is still employed by some titles. For example, in the United Kingdom, a number of computer-industry magazines, including Computer Weekly and Computing, and in finance, Waters Magazine.

Technical definition

In the library technical sense a “magazine” paginates with each issue starting at page one.<ref>Likewise, in the technical sense a “journal” has continuous pagination throughout a volume. Thus Business Week, which starts each issue anew with page one, is a magazine, but the Journal of Business Communication, which starts each volume with the winter issue and continues the same sequence of pagination throughout the coterminous year, is a journal. Some professional or trade publications are also peer reviewed, an example being the Journal of Accountancy. See Magazine (firearms) for another sense in which the word “magazine” refers to serialized unitary behavior. Cf. the French Wikipedia's disambiguation of various meanings of the cognate ''magasin''.</ref> Academic or professional publications that are not peer-reviewed are generally professional magazines.<ref>The fact that a publication calls itself a “journal” does not make it a journal in the technical sense. The Journal of Accountancy, for example, is in fact a magazine (each issue starts with page one). The Wall Street Journal is actually a newspaper.</ref>

History

The earliest example of magazines was Erbauliche Monaths Unterredungen which was launched in 1663 in Germany.<ref name=mdes>

</ref> It was a literary and philosophy magazine.<ref name=mdes/> The Gentleman's Magazine, first published in 1731, in London, is considered to have been the first general-interest magazine. Edward Cave, who edited The Gentleman's Magazine under the pen name “Sylvanus Urban,” was the first to use the term “magazine,” on the analogy of a military storehouse of varied materiel, ultimately derived from the Arabic makhazin (“storehouses”) by way of the French language.<ref>OED, s.v. “Magazine”, and http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?p=5695.</ref> Wordsmith offers this origin: “Plural of Arabic makhzan: storehouse, used figuratively as “storehouse of information” for books, and later to periodicals).”<ref>

</ref>

The oldest consumer magazine still in print is The Scots Magazine, which was first published in 1739, though multiple changes in ownership and gaps in publication totaling over 90 years weaken that claim. Lloyd's List was founded in Edward Lloyd’s England coffee shop in 1734; it is still published as a daily business newspaper.

In 2011, 152 magazines ceased operations and in 2012, 82 magazines were closed down.<ref name=ibt>

</ref>

See also

References

<!–

   | PLEASE BE CAUTIOUS IN ADDING MORE LINKS TO THIS ARTICLE. Wikipedia  |
   | is not a collection of links nor should it be used for advertising. |
   |                                                                     |
   |           Excessive or inappropriate links WILL BE DELETED.         |
   | See [[Wikipedia:External links]] & [[Wikipedia:Spam]] for details.  |
   |                                                                     |
   | If there are already plentiful links, please propose additions or   |
   | replacements on this article's discussion page, or submit your link |
   | to the relevant category at the Open Directory Project (dmoz.org)   |
   | and link back to that category using the {{dmoz}} template.         |
   ======================= {{No more links}} =============================-->

Magazines Periodicals Publications by format

magazine.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/12 18:35 (external edit)