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homeschooling

“Educate and inform the whole mass of the people… They are the only sure reliance for the preservation of our liberty.” – Thomas Jefferson

<small>For the homeschooling courses available for free on this website, see Index</small> <br>Homeschooling consists of the practice of students receiving education from a parent or guardian, or instructors acting under the direction of a parent or guardian, rather than from teachers in a formal school setting like a public school. Virtually every area of the United States has local support groups for homeschooling, which often meet in church facilities. Nearly 7% of college-educated parents homeschool their children.<ref>http://www.sagus.us/blog/blog_details.asp?ID=18&p=7&s=7&s2=7</ref> In the United States, an estimated one to two million students are homeschooled, or nearly one out of every 30 students.<ref name=“USA Today”>http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-01-04-homeschooling_N.htm</ref>

Homeschooling has grown by almost 75% in the last 8 years<ref>http://www.foxnews.com/us/2011/02/09/educating-children-evolution-home-schooling</ref> and in a recent survey “the average homeschooled student scored at the 88th percentile” in the core subjects of reading, language and math.<ref>http://www.hslda.org/docs/news/washingtontimes/200908100.asp</ref> The most successful mathematician in contests in history, Reid Barton, was homeschooled.<ref>http://www.amstat.org/PUBLICATIONS/amsn/index.cfm?fuseaction=highlights0812001</ref> The top college football player and now an NFL Quarterback, who was the first to win the Heisman Trophy as a sophomore, Tim Tebow, was homeschooled until college.<ref>http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/783999/heisman_trophy_winner_tim_tebow_puts.html</ref> A Wimbledon tennis star, Melanie Oudin, chose homeschooling beginning in 7th grade: “With how much I improved in the first year at home, I knew it was the right choice.”<ref>http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2009/writers/kevin_armstrong/08/13/melanie.oudin/index.html#ixzz0VSMpJSxF (her twin sister remained in public school)</ref> Homeschooled students make up many of the top college and graduate students in mathematics today.<ref>For example, Princeton University math prodigy Arie Israel “never attended a regular school. His parents home schooled both him and his older sister, Rachel, allowing them to work at their own pace and discover their own interests. His dad, Benjamin, a computer programmer, helped him with math and science, while his mom, Rebekah, taught him English and history.” ://weblog.science.fau.edu/info/images/israel.html</ref>

Homeschooling parents have many available options to supplement education at home:

  • attending a weekly course provided in many areas by the homeschooling community - a Conservapedian has taught such courses since 2002
  • using a correspondence school (or the modern video- or computer-based equivalent)
  • taking classes at local museums or nature centers
  • joining with other families to share teaching responsibilities in a co-op
  • encouraging the student to self-instruct using library books, traditional textbooks or workbooks, knowledgeable mentor's and/or hands-on experiences
  • hiring a tutor for certain difficult topics, like physics
  • attending a brick and mortar institution for certain classes and taking other classes at home

Homeschoolers often include local “after school” enrichment programs like scouts, 4-H, sports, music lessons, karate or dance classes, public library programs, and summer camps as part of their educational program. Some areas have extracurricular clubs and activities specifically for homeschoolers, some allow homeschoolers to participate in local public school's after school activities, and some homeschoolers participate in extracurricular activities independently from their schooling through private organizations. Homeschool graduates vote in higher percentages: in 2003, “76 percent of homeschool graduates surveyed between the ages of 18 to 24 voted within the last five years, compared to only 29 percent of the corresponding U.S. population.”<ref>http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=35226</ref>

Homeschooling Statistics

In the United States, homeschooling includes an estimated 1.1 million students - about 2.9% of children in grade K-12 - as of 2007. “The number of home-schooled kids hit 1.5 million in 2007, up 74% from when the Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics started keeping track in 1999, and up 36% since 2003.”<ref name=“USA Today”/><ref>://nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/homeschool/estimated.asp Homeschooling in the United States: 2003 Statistical Analysis Report, National Center for Educational Statistics, NCES 2006-042, Feb 2006.

A 2005 estimate from the National Home Education Research Institute places the number between 1.9 million and 2.4 million while the National Center for Education Statistics estimates that the number of students being homeschooled increased by 29% from 1999 to 2003. Christian Examiner, Sept. 2007, Vol 25, No 9, Pg 1</ref>

Families who homeschool their children do so for a number of reasons. A 2001 study by the US Census Bureau found that the single largest reason that parents homeschool is that they feel they can give their children a better education at home. This accounted for 50% of the homeschooling families; religious reasons came in second at 33%.<ref>Home Schooling in the United States: Trends and Characteristics, by Kurt J. Bauman, Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, August 2001, Working Paper Series No. 53 ://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0053.html</ref> Other frequently mentioned reasons include dissatisfaction with academic instruction at other schools, the ability to provide religious or moral instruction along with academics, the ability to control what the child is being taught, flexibility in meeting the needs of a child with special needs (such as a physical or mental health problem, a temporary illness or giftedness), flexibility in scheduling family life, and concern about safety, drugs, and peer pressure at other schools.<ref>Homeschooling in the United States: 2003 Statistical Analysis Report, National Center for Educational Statistics, NCES 2006-042, Feb 2006>://nces.ed.gov/pubs2006/homeschool/TableDisplay.asp?TablePath=TablesHTML/table_4.asp</ref>

Admissions departments at major colleges are now familiar and comfortable with homeschooling, according to a 2004 Boston Globe article. The article quotes a Williams College admission officer as saying: <blockquote>“We read homeschoolers' applications just like any other application. They don't get any special consideration, but they're not discriminated against, either. Their applications are interesting, and they've certainly done independent work their whole lives.”</blockquote> It notes that the acceptance rate of homeschoolers at Williams is 20 percent,<ref>Schoolhouse rocked “home schooling has gone main stream, especially in Massachusetts. It's estimated that as many as 20,000 children here have abandoned test-crazy public schools and high-priced private schools for the comfort of the living room couch. But most surprising of all is that Harvard, BU, Brown, and other colleges are welcoming homeschoolers like all other students.” Source for Williams College admission officer's quote, 20% figure.</ref> virtually identical to its overall acceptance rate.<ref>College acceptance rates: Williams, 19.2%. U. S. News and World Report</ref>

In the United States, some states permit homeschooled students to participate in extracurricular activities at their local public schools.

In one way or another equal access is expressly allowed by the states of Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Washington, and Wyoming. In most other states, participation is worked out on a case-by-case basis. <ref>HSLDA: State Laws Concerning Participation of Homeschool Students in Public School Activities ://www.hslda.org/docs/nche/000000/00000048.asp</ref> In addition, some states, such as Alabama, are considering equal access legislation. <ref>HSLDA: Alabama - Legislation for Participation in Public School Activities://www.hslda.org/hs/state/al/200705010.asp</ref> In New Jersey, school athletic associations dominated by public schools exclude homeschoolers from participation in athletics, even though they allow students at different charter schools to participate.<ref>New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association</ref>

Academic level

Many studies over the last few years have established the academic excellence of homeschooled children.<ref>Academic Statistics on Homeschooling</ref> Most recently, the average ACT (American College Testing) score of homeschooled students in 2009 was higher than the national average.<ref>http://www.christianpost.com/article/20090827/avg-act-score-of-homeschoolers-beats-nat-l-avg/index.html</ref> ACT-tested graduates reporting themselves as home-schooled numbered 4,593 in 2000, a 41-percent increase. Home-schooled students achieved a composite average of 22.8, 0.1 points higher than in 1999.<ref>http://www.act.org/news/releases/2000/08-17-00.html</ref> An extensive 2009 nationwide study conducted by Dr. Brian D. Ray of the National Home Education Research Institute,<ref>Progress Report 2009: Homeschool Academic Achievement and Demographics</ref> found that homeschoolers scored 34-39 percentile points higher than the norm on standardized achievement tests. The new study was described as “the most comprehensive study of homeschool academic achievement ever completed,” in which Ray surveyed 11,739 homeschooled students from all 50 states, Guam, and Puerto Rico, and drew from 15 independent testing services. Demographically, 82.4 percent of homeschooling parents identified themselves as Protestant Christian, 12.4 Roman Catholic, 1.1 percent atheist/agnostic, 0.8 percent Mormon, 0.4 percent Jewish, 0.2 percent Eastern Orthodox Christian, and 0.1 percent Muslim. Neither the income or educational level of parents appreciably affected the results.<ref> Aaron J. Leichman, Christian Post Reporter, ''Study: Homeschoolers Scoring 'Well Above' Public School Peers''' (Tue, Aug. 11 2009 09:26 AM)</ref>

Reasons for Homeschooling

Reasons for homeschooling include:<ref>For 57 unique benefits of homeschooling, see ://capitolhillcoffeehouse.com/more.php?id=5239_0_1_0_M.</ref>

It should also be noted that stay at home moms, the most common teachers for homeschooling, reported having happier lives than their working counterparts.<ref>http://www.momlogic.com/2008/07/sahm_wahm_happiness_poll.php?icid=100214839x1204880052x1200231518#start</ref>

Homeschooling worldwide

A thriving homeschooling movement exists in Canada, and homeschooling also fares well in Australia and New Zealand. It is relatively new in South America, and reportedly faces strong government resistance in places such as Brazil. Homeschooling also faces significant challenges in many other counties. The governments in Shanghai and Beijing are largely opposed to homeschooling. In European countries it is sometimes more restricted than the United States, or illegal, such as in Germany. In Switzerland, many cantons still allow homeschooling, but not all. <ref>http://homeschooling.gomilpitas.com/regional/Switzerland.htm</ref>Sweden recently passed legislation which is expected to ban all homeschooling, except for children with medical exemptions, or foreign workers with the appropriate work visas. <ref>Hilary White, Socialist Sweden Moves to Ban Homeschooling, LifeSiteNews.com August 11, 2009 (August 11, 2009)</ref><ref>http://homeschooling.families.com/blog/homeschooling-around-the-world-europe</ref> Recently alarming in England is a June 11, 2009 report on home education by Graham Badman, former Managing Director of Children, Families and Education in the County of Kent, which would effect critical changes in regulation of homeschooling. The report, which was accepted in full by the British Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families, uses the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) to militate against the educational rights of parents.<ref>http://www.hslda.org/docs/news/200906161.asp</ref> An example of such possible restriction is seen in the United States, in which a New Hampshire Court ordered a thriving, 10 year old homeschooled Christian girl to attend public school, solely in order to expose her to “different points of view at a time in her life when she must begin to critically evaluate multiple systems of belief and behavior.”<ref>http://www.christianpost.com/article/20090829/homeschooled-girl-ordered-to-attend-public-school-over-her-rigid-faith/index.html</ref><ref>http://onenewsnow.com/Education/Default.aspx?id=659638</ref>

History

In the United States, opting out of public schools is not new. When Thomas Edison's public school teacher said he was “addled,” Edison's mother took him out of public school and taught him at home.

Education at public school year-round from about ages 6 to 18 became common only in the 20th century due to compulsory education laws. The first law requiring attendance at public school passed in Massachusetts in 1852; the second such law passed in Washington D.C. in 1864; and most states did not pass mandatory schooling laws until between 1870 and 1917.<ref>Compulsory Education, National Conference of State Legislatures: “More than 150 years have passed since Horace Mann helped Massachusetts establish a statewide system of education that eventually led to the requirement that all children attend public school. In 1852, Massachusetts became the first state to pass compulsory school attendance laws, and by 1918, all states required children to receive an education.”</ref><ref>http://www.renewamerica.us/columns/kellmeyer/050428</ref>

But even under compulsory education laws in the late 1800s, the school year was only twelve to twenty weeks long. Very few stayed in school from ages 6 to 18. For example, by 1900, only 6% of Americans had graduated from a formal high school. Moreover, these students did not learn basic skills like reading in school; they learned those at home.<ref>id.</ref>

Baltimore's Calvert School began selling the school's curriculum to parents in 1905. Within five years, more than 300 children were enrolled in Calvert's correspondence courses. Over the next hundred years, Calvert served over 500,000 children from a wide variety of families nation-wide and around the world, including missionary families and those in remote locations.<ref>Calvert School Homeschooling: A Century of Tradition and Innovation ://www.calvertschool.org/education-services/home-school-history/</ref>

The homeschooling movement began in the 1960s from very different ideological sources. Seventh-Day Adventists Dr. Raymond and Dorothy Moore pioneered homeschooling as a result of their research into education and their concern about the harmful effects of schooling on students, particularly boys, between ages 5 and 15.<ref>http://www.moorefoundation.com/article.php?id=2</ref> On the other side of the political spectrum, John Holt wrote a book critical of schooling in 1964, entitled How Children Fail. Holt was “a left-winger who regarded schools as instruments of the bureaucratic-industrial complex.”<ref>Micklethwait, John and Adrian Wooldridge, The Right Nation: Conservative Power in America. Penguin, 2004. pp. 190-1</ref> More generally, millions of Americans were alarmed at the 1962 U. S. Supreme Court ruling which banned school-sponsored prayer in public schools, and many of those parents began to look for alternatives.

Truancy laws brought pioneering homeschoolers into conflict with local officials. The first New York Times story on “home schooling” appeared in 1974, and concerned two parents charged with “educational neglect” by the Westchester County Department of Social Services. Tests showed that they performed at or about grade level “except for one who is a little slow in reading,” and the parents received strong support from a state senator.<ref>“Parents Accused in Home Schooling,” The New York Times, July 28, 1974, p. 45</ref> By the mid-1980s the Times was running articles with titles like “Schooling in the Home: A Growing Alternative” and “There Are Benefits In Homeschooling,” and states were legalizing homeschooling.<ref>Belluck, Pam (1998), “Life After Home Schooling,” The New York Times, November 1, 1998, p. ED26: “Some 15 years after states began legalizing home schooling in earnest, these early graduates are starting to make their way in the world.”</ref> A 1997 article said “It's not only Christian fundamentalists any more” and a 2003 article noted “Unhappy in Class, More Are Learning at Home.”

New York is the only state which currently requires all home school students to take the GED equivalency exam in order to receive a high school diploma. However, in most cases they are not required to take the otherwise-mandatory exam prep course first.

Prominent people who were homeschooled

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Throughout history, a remarkably high percentage of accomplished people were homeschooled, including many great mathematicians. Here is a growing list of such achievers:

  • Ansel Adams, (1902-1984), the finest landscape photographer of the twentieth century. “At twelve, unable to stand the confinement and tedium of the classroom, he utterly disrupted his lessons with wild laughter and undisguised contempt for the inept ramblings of his teachers. His father decided that Ansel’s formal education was best ended. From that point forward, the boy was homeschooled in Greek, the English classics, algebra, and the glories of the ocean, inlets, and rocky beaches that surrounded their home very near San Francisco.”<ref>http://wy.essortment.com/anseladamsbio_rjrq.htm</ref>
  • Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks. David Brooks wrote, “His mother didn't enroll him in the local schools because, as Raffi Khatchadourian wrote in a New Yorker profile, she feared 'that formal education would inculcate an unhealthy respect for authority.'” <ref>http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/10335/1107188-109.stm</ref>
  • Jane Austen (1775-1817), one of the most popular novelists of the early 19th century, was school-educated for only a year, after which she was taught at home by her father, her brothers, and herself, using their large family library.

://www.civilwarhome.com/bartonbio.htm</ref>

  • Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922), inventor of the telephone. His deaf mother taught him to read and write, and he returned the favor by inventing the telephone to try to help her (and other deaf persons) communicate.
  • Willard S. Boyle, the inventor of the CCD that is at “the heart of virtually every camcorder, digital camera and telescope” and is used in “every picture on the Internet, every digital and video camera, every computer scanner, copier machine and high-definition television,” and for which he was awarded a shared Nobel Prize in Physics in 2009.<ref>http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/10/science/space/10boyle.html?emc=eta1</ref>
  • Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789-1857), one of the greatest mathematicians of all time, was taught by his father during an 11-year retreat to the country to escape the French Revolution. His father “wrote his own textbooks, several of them in the fluent verse of which he was master. Verse, he believed, made grammar, history and, above all, morals less repulsive to the juvenile mind.”<ref>E.T. Bell, “Men of Mathematics,” 273 (1937).</ref><ref>http://james.fabpedigree.com/mathmen.htm#Cauchy</ref>
  • Agatha Christie (1890-1976), best-selling English mystery writer. Christie was homeschooled by her mother, who encouraged her to write from a very early age. At sixteen she was sent to finishing school in Paris. <ref>PBS Mystery Series “Miss Marple” site: Biography of Agatha Christie://www.pbs.org/wgbh/mystery/marple/christie.html</ref>
  • Winston Churchill (1874–1965), British statesman. It was at home that he was taught how to read, write and do math, and was not enrolled in a school until several months into the school year at the age of seven. After only about two years at that school, he was abruptly pulled out and then spent several years under the instruction of two maiden sisters in a less formal school setting.<ref>William Manchester, “The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill, VISIONS OF GLORY 1874-1932 (Little Brown & Co.).</ref>
  • James B. Eads, the greatest river engineer ever; by age 13 he spent his “time reading in his library. So began Eads' education as an engineer. He tinkered with his own inventions at home, building a six-foot long model steamboat when he was in his early teens. And he was intrigued by the inventions of others.”<ref>http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eads/peopleevents/p_jbeads.html</ref>
  • Thomas Edison (1804–1896), the most prolific inventor in the history of the world and considered by many to be the most influential person of the last 1000 years.<ref>http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bledison.htm</ref> His mother pulled him out of public school at age 7, after just a few months, and began homeschooling him by reading from the Bible.
  • Pierre de Fermat (1601?-1665), the greatest mathematician of the 17th century and the founder of the modern theory of numbers, was homeschooled.<ref>E.T. Bell, “Men of Mathematics” 57 (1937)</ref>
  • Evariste Galois (1811–1832), among the brightest mathematicians ever and the founder of Galois groups and fields and Galois theory. “Until the age of twelve Galois had no teacher but his mother, Adelaide-Marie Demante.”<ref>E.T. Bell, “Men of Mathematics,” 362 (1937). Galois' life was tragically cut short at age 20 in a duel, and his work was published posthumously.[scidiv.bcc.ctc.edu/Math/Galois.html]</ref>
  • William Hamilton (1805-1865), the greatest Irish mathematician and biggest contributor since Isaac Newton of mathematics to physics. He was taught by his uncle, the Reverend James Hamilton.<ref>E.T. Bell, “Men of Mathematics,” 340-41 (1937).</ref>
  • Matthew Henry (1662-1714), “nonconformist” Presbyterian minister in England, and author of Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible, perhaps the most esteemed devotional commentary of all time. Under State persecution, Henry was homeschooled by his father, and for a time by a tutor, before moving on to a Christian school in 1680.

Hanson://www.agirlsworld.com/rachel/hangin-with/hanson.html</ref>

  • Julia Ward Howe (1819–1910), abolitionist, writer, and women's rights activist. Julia was educated by tutors at home and in girls' schools until age 16. <ref>Open Connections Program, Women Working 1800-1930, Harvard University Library: Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910)://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/ww/people_howe.html</ref>
  • Carl Jacobi (1804-1851), a prominent and prolific German mathematician, was taught at home until the age of 12 and was taught the classics and mathematics by a maternal uncle.<ref>E.T. Bell, “Men of Mathematics,” 327 (1937).</ref>
  • John the Apostle (c. A.D. 20-100), the author of the Gospel of John, considered by many to be the greatest written work ever. He also wrote several other books in the New Testament. His parents placed him, most likely as a child, under the homeschool-like teaching of Jesus rather than a more traditional school setting.<ref>In an approach common among homeschoolers, John's parents placed both their sons under the homeschool-like teaching of Jesus.</ref> John became the first to develop Christian faith and his work has since spread Christianity to billions.<ref>For growing evidence that John was a child, see Was John a Child.</ref>
  • C.S. Lewis (1898-1963), the author of the Chronicles of Narnia and other famous works, was taught at home by his mother and a governess until age 10, and later sent to be taught by a tutor to prepare him for Oxford.<ref>Lewis, C. S., Surprised by Joy: The Shape of My Early Life, London: Harvest Books (1955) ISBN 0-1568-7011-8</ref>
  • Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), American president. “Though his [formal] education was limited to a few months in a one-teacher school, Lincoln avidly read books such as the Bible, Pilgrim's Progress and Weemss Life of Washington.”<ref>http://www.civilwarhome.com/lincolnbio.htm</ref>
  • Countess Augusta Ada Lovelace (1815-1852), a visionary programmer and namesake of the ADA programming language, was homeschooled by governesses and tutors hired by her mother.
  • Marcus Aurelius, Stoic philosopher and last of the “five good Emperors” of Rome. In his Meditations, he says that he learned from his “great-grandfather, not to have frequented public schools, and to have had good teachers at home, and to know that on such things a man should spend liberally.”
  • Mark, also known as John Mark, the author of the earliest Gospel who learned by tagging along with his mother, who was a follower of Jesus; Mark witnessed the teachings and Passion at an age of perhaps only 10 years old.
  • Yehudi Menuhin (1916-1999), noted violinist and conductor, never attended school, and was taught Mathematics, History and Hebrew by his father, and French, German, Italian and Spanish by his mother.<ref>Slater, Elinor and Slater, Robert Great Jewish Men (Jonathon David Publishers; 1996) ISBN 0-8246-0381-8</ref>
  • John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), influential 19th century political and economic philosopher, was home-schooled by his father, James Mill. He learned Greek at age 3, Latin at age 8, studied economics, history, science, etc. before age 10.
  • Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), one of the greatest mathematicians and philosophers of all time, was homeschooled by his father.<ref>E.T. Bell, “Men of Mathematics,” 74-76 (1937).</ref>
  • Henri Poincaré (1854-1912), one of the greatest mathematicians ever and an original developer of the Theory of Relativity. Poincaré, who had diphtheria as a child, received special instruction from his gifted mother and excelled in written composition while still in elementary school. He entered the Lycée in Nancy (now renamed the Lycée Henri Poincaré in his honor), in 1862 and spent eleven years there. He entered the École Polytechnique in 1873, graduating in 1875. After graduating from the École Polytechnique, Poincaré continued his studies at the École des Mines. <ref>Jules Henri Poincaré://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Poincare.html</ref>
  • Alexander Pope (1688-1744), one of the greatest and most-often quoted English poets and essayists. “From Twyford School he was expelled after writing a satire on one of the teachers. At home, Pope's aunt taught him to read. Latin and Greek he learned from a local priest and later he acquired knowledge of French and Italian poetry.”<ref>http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/apope.htm</ref>
  • Eleanor H. Porter (1868-1920), author of the classic 1913 novel Pollyanna and its sequel Pollyanna Grows Up, about an eternally optimistic missionary child who, by playing the “glad game”, transforms an entire community. Porter, a Christian and a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, was “educated in public schools during her childhood until illness caused her to turn to private tutors. She then attended the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.”<ref>Bestsellers,

Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Pollyanna ://www3.isrl.illinois.edu/~unsworth/courses/bestsellers/search.cgi?title=Pollyanna</ref> <ref>Bestsellers, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Pollyanna Grows Up ://www3.isrl.illinois.edu/~unsworth/courses/bestsellers/search.cgi?title=Pollyanna+Grows+Up</ref>

  • Joseph Priestley (1733-1804), the father of modern chemistry and the discoverer of oxygen, dropped out of school as a teenager and privately learned geometry, algebra and numerous languages.<ref>Robert E. Schofield, The Enlightenment of Joseph Priestley.</ref>
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945), U.S. President. He was educated by private tutors at home through age 14, then entered Groton, an elite private school in Massachusetts, in 1896. <ref>The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers. “Franklin D. Roosevelt.” Teaching Eleanor Roosevelt, ed. by Allida Black, June Hopkins, et. al. (Hyde Park, New York: Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site, 2003).

://www.nps.gov/archive/elro/glossary/roosevelt-franklin.htm</ref>

  • Joseph Smith (1805-1844), was a mayor, a lieutenant general, a political theorist, a city planner, and a religious organizer and the founder of the Mormon Church. He was deprived of a formal education but was mainly self taught and “instructed in reading, writing, and the ground rules of arithmetic.”.<ref>History of Joseph Smith, Jr., by himself, in Joseph Smith's Letter Book at Kirtland, November 27, 1832 to August 4, 1835 (Church Historian's Library, Salt Lake City, Utah).</ref><ref>http://www.pbs.org/americanprophet/joseph-smith.html</ref> His mother said that he was often “given to meditation and deep study.”<ref>History of the Prophet Joseph, Improvement Era, vol. 5, p. 257.</ref>
  • Mark Twain (real name was Samuel Clemens) (1835-1910), American author and satirist who said, “I have never let my schooling interfere with my education.” Attended school through the 5th grade, where he “excelled only in spelling” and was frequently truant, then worked as a printer's apprentice for a local newspaper. His mother said, “He was always a great boy for history, and could never get tired of that kind of reading; but he hadn't any use for schoolhouses and text books.”<ref>The Mark Twain House and Museum: Biography of Samuel Clemens/Mark Twain ://www.marktwainhouse.org/theman/bio.shtml</ref><ref>The Project Gutenberg E-Book of Mark Twain, by Archibald Henderson

://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/6/8/7/6873/6873.txt</ref>

  • Alexis de Tocqueville, a Frenchman who came to America in 1831, when he was 25 years old, and wrote a two-volume definitive study of American culture entitled Democracy in America.
  • Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), Italian artist, inventor, and all-around “Renaissance man”. Leonardo went to school in Vinci, where he learned to write, to read and to calculate, and was taught geometry and Latin. At 14, Leonardo moved to Florence where he began an apprenticeship in the workshop of Verrocchio. <ref>Leonardo da Vinci://www.kausal.com/leonardo/childhood.html</ref>
  • Andrew Wyeth (1917- ), American artist, was tutored at home until he was 18. <ref>The Homeschooling of Andrew Wyeth, A Conversation with the Artist, Gifted Children Monthly, May 1986, Vol 7 No. 5.://www.nfgcc.org/51.htm </ref>

In addition, a number of prominent people have chosen to homeschool their children. David Guterson, author of the novel Snow Falling on Cedars (1994), which won the 1995 PEN/Faulkner Award, also wrote Family Matters: Why Homeschooling Makes Sense (1992), an account of his family's homeschooling journey.<ref>www.randomhouse.com: David Guterson ://www.randomhouse.com/vintage/read/snow/guterson.html</ref> Actor and recording artist Will Smith and his wife actress Jada Pinkett Smith homeschool their children.<ref>Reader's Digest: Will Power: Will Smith is One Driven Guy://www.rd.com/content/will-smith-interview/1/</ref> Michele Bachmann homeschooled her own children, but Minnesota authorities prohibited the homeschooling of foster children (Michele Bachmann also had 23 foster children).<ref>http://www.radioiowa.com/2011/03/23/three-prospective-gop-candidates-make-pitch-to-home-schoolers-audio/</ref> Roseanne Barr stated in an interview that she has started to homeschool her 11-year-old son.<ref>Reuters Interview - Roseanne Barr says age gives her a louder voice ://in.news.yahoo.com/070322/137/6dlba.html</ref> Kristin Maguire, head of the South Carolina board of education, which governs all its public schools, homeschools all four of her children.<ref>http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2008/01/09/17stjour.h27.html</ref> Elizabeth Edwards, the late wife of the Democratic vice-presidential nominee (2004) and presidential candidate (2008) John Edwards, homeschooled both of their youngest children.<ref>http://momocrats.typepad.com/momocrats/2007/11/elizabeth-edwar.html</ref> The wife of Glenn Beck homeschools their children.

Others were taught to read at home prior to any school. For example, Ronald Reagan was taught to read by his mother before attending school;<ref>http://americanhistory.about.com/od/ronaldreagan/p/preagan.htm</ref> the only African American man to win the Wimbledon tennis championship (in a stunning upset that relied on a brilliant strategy), Arthur Ashe, was nicknamed the “genius” and had been taught to read by his mother at age 5.

See also

Further reading

  • Gaither, Milton. Homeschool: An American History (2008) 273 pp. The standard scholarly history

References



See Also

References

<references/>

Further reading

  • Gaither, Milton. Homeschool: An American History (2008) 273 pp. The standard scholarly history

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homeschooling.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/12 18:34 (external edit)