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Snippet from Wikipedia: Eugene Stoner

Eugene Morrison Stoner (November 22, 1922 – April 24, 1997) was an American firearms designer who is most associated with the development of the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle that was modified by the US military as the M16 rifle.

}} Eugene Morrison Stoner (November 22, 1922 — April 24, 1997) is the man most associated with the design of the AR-15. It was adopted by the US military as the M16. He is regarded by most historians, along with John Browning and Mikhail Kalashnikov, as one of the most successful firearms designers of the 20th century.

Eugene Stoner attended high school in Long Beach and afterwards worked for the Vega Aircraft Company installing armament. During World War&nbsp;II, he enlisted for Aviation Ordnance in the U.S. Marine Corps and served in the South Pacific and northern China.<ref name=“Rottman2011”/>

In late 1945 he began working in the machine shop for Whittaker, an aircraft equipment company, and ultimately became a Design Engineer. In 1954 he came to work as chief engineer for ArmaLite, a division of Fairchild Engine&nbsp;& Airplane Corporation. While at ArmaLite, he designed a series of prototype small arms, including the AR-3, AR-9, AR-11, AR-12, none of which saw significant production. Their only real success during this period was the AR-5 survival rifle, which was adopted by the United States Air Force.<ref name=“Rottman2011”/>

In 1955, Stoner completed initial design work on the revolutionary AR-10, a lightweight (7.25&nbsp;lbs.) selective-fire infantry rifle in 7.62&nbsp;x 51&nbsp;mm NATO caliber. The AR-10 was submitted for rifle evaluation trials to the US Army’s Aberdeen Proving Ground late in 1956. In comparison with competing rifle designs previously submitted for evaluation, the AR-10 was smaller, easier to fire in automatic, and much lighter. However it arrived very late in the testing cycle, and the army rejected the AR-10 in favor of the more conventional T44, which would become the&nbsp;M14. The AR-10's design was later licensed to the Dutch firm of Artillerie Inrichtingen, who produced the AR-10 until 1960 for sale to various foreign military forces.<ref name=cjc>


At the request of the U.S. military, Stoner's chief assistant, Robert Fremont and Jim Sullivan designed the AR-15 from the basic AR-10 design, scaling it down to fire the small-caliber .223 Remington cartridge. The AR-15 was later adopted by United States military forces as the M16 rifle.<ref name=“cjc”/><ref name=“Cutshaw2011”>


After ArmaLite sold the rights to the AR-15 to Colt, Stoner turned his attention to the AR-16 design. This was another advanced 7.62&nbsp;mm rifle but used a more conventional piston and a number of stamped parts to reduce cost. This weapon saw only prototype development but adaptation to .223 resulted in the somewhat successful and often imitated Armalite AR-18.<ref name=“cjc”/>

Stoner left ArmaLite in 1961 to serve as a consultant for Colt. He eventually accepted a position with Cadillac Gage where he designed the Stoner&nbsp;63 Weapons System.<ref name=cjc/> This was a modular weapons system that could be reconfigured to be a standard automatic rifle, a light machine gun, a medium machine gun, or a solenoid-fired fixed machine gun. The Stoner Weapons System used a piston-operated gas impingement system, though Stoner himself believed direct gas operation was the ideal method for firearms. Once again, Robert Fremont and Jim Sullivan would take a Stoner design and redesign it for the .223 Remington cartridge, to create the Stoner&nbsp;63 Weapons System.<ref>


Stoner worked for TRW by designing the TRW 6425 25&nbsp;mm Bushmaster auto cannon, which was later manufactured by Oerlikon as the KBA.<ref name=“Rottman2011”>


He co-founded ARES Incorporated of Port Clinton, Ohio, in 1972, but left the company in 1989, after designing the Ares Light Machine Gun, sometimes known as the Stoner&nbsp;86. It was an evolved version of the Stoner&nbsp;63. At Ares, he also designed the Future Assault Rifle Concept (FARC).<ref name=“Rottman2011”/>

In 1990, he joined Knight's Armament Company (KAC) to create the Stoner Rifle-25 (SR-25), which currently sees military service as the United States Navy Mark&nbsp;11 Mod&nbsp;0 Sniper Weapon System. While at KAC, he also worked on yet another version of the Stoner Weapons System, called the Stoner&nbsp;96. Among his last designs were the SR-50 rifle and the Colt 2000.<ref name=“Lewis2004”>


Weapon designs

Armalite designs

| style=“border-left:1px solid gray; padding-left:1em;”|other designs



==External links==

1922 births 1997 deaths People from Owen County, Indiana Firearm designers Weapon designers Cancer deaths in Florida

eugene_stoner.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/12 18:33 (external edit)