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economics

“Economics is haunted by more fallacies than any other study known to man. This is no accident. The inherent difficulties of the subject would be great enough in any case, but they are multiplied a thousandfold by a factor that is insignificant in, say, physics, mathematics or medicine – the special pleading of selfish interests.” - Henry Hazlitt, Economics In One Lesson

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Economics is the study of opportunity. More specifically, economics is the study of the opportunities made possible by the transfer of goods and services. 'Because of its primary application to government policy, it is understandable why the subject was originally known as political economy, which was its name from the time of Adam Smith to the last quarter of the nineteenth century, when the change to “economics” took place.' ://www.capitalism.net/Capitalism/Economics%20and%20Capitalism.htm Economics attempts “to explain the way in which individuals interact with one another, to use their limited resources to satisfy their alternative ends.” ://www.pbs.org/wgbh/commandingheights/shared/minitext/int_miltonfriedman.html#10 It is a social science, concerned with how people produce, distribute, and consume. Governments can be classified by their economic policy. The U.S. Constitution provides basic protections for private property that are the foundation of American economic policy.

George Reisman, Professor of Economics at Pepperdine University, wrote

C. Lowell Harriss, a professor of economics at Columbia, describes economics as the study of the allocation of scarce goods and services. In market economies, this is determined by supply and demand.<ref> Lessons in Love, by Way of Economics</ref>

Why we should study it

Issues in economics

Economics deals with a large number of issues:

  • Theory of value]]: What are things worth? How do we compute value?
  • Economic justice: How are resources distributed in society? What is the ideal distribution?
  • Economic prosperity: Which policies encourage economic growth and development?
  • Economic prediction: How can we use economic information from today to predict future results? Which econometrics are leading indicators?

Disciplines within economics

Economics is a very broad discipline, and involves the following other disciplines as well:

  • Moral philosophy: How ought a society produce and distribute goods and services?
  • Psychology: What principles underlie human economic decision-making?
  • Mathematics: What mathematical models can predict economic outcomes?
  • Ecology: How and in what quantities do households consume goods?

Branches of economics

  • Microeconomics: the study of economic decisions of firms and households acting in markets.
  • Macroeconomics: the study of aggregate economic decisions and the results of those decisions in a local, national, or world economy.

History of economics

Economic thought originated with the rise of the state. Classical economics, or the long-run model, was articulated by Adam Smith and has since fomented the rise of free-market capitalism in economic thought.<ref>http://cepa.newschool.edu/het/</ref>

See also

References

<div class=“references-small”> <references /> Economics

economics.txt · Last modified: 2020/03/12 18:33 (external edit)